In 1975 the Mediterranean became the first marine basin to be involved in an Action Plan within the framework of the Regional Seas Programme of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the year after was the first to enter under the umbrella of a Convention, the so-called Barcelona Convention, designed to deal with pollution. In 1995, the Mediterranean was again the first regional sea in the world to be provided with a new Convention and a new Phase of the existing Action Plan, both aimed at pursuing sustainable development. The consequence was a new political approach of unprecedented importance.
This book includes the papers discussed in a workshop, convened in Genoa, Italy, in 1995, by the International Centre for Coastal and Ocean Policy Studies (lCCOPS), a Non-Governemental Organisation of the United Nations (UNEP and UN Commission on Sustainable Development). Discussion was focused on the Mediterranean, as the core case study relevant to the sustainable development-aimed approach to ocean management on the regional scale, and was framed within the possible and probable development of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme.