Michael Bratman has proposed an intention-based account of shared agency. He advocates the benefits of the individual planning theory of agency in explaining both normative and conceptual aspects of cooperative behavior. While refusing to rely on metaphysical structures of collective intentionality, such as Searle’s We-intentions, the planning theory of agency focuses primarily on the psychological continuity between individual and social norms of rationality and planning. This article tries to assess the merits of Bratman’s proposal also by taking into account some competing views such as those of Searle and Gilbert.
Ripercorrendo lo sviluppo storico di una disciplina relativamente recente, la metaetica, il volume offre un’introduzione alle teorie principali sviluppate nell’ultimo secolo.