The aim of this article is to summarize some elements about the transformation of work, analysed in more details in a little handbook just published by the author on the sociology of work today. The idea is that there is a shift from the traditional forms based on making things towards new forms of social skills. In a theoretical perspective, the contribution by Amartya Sen is considered very relevant to understand this metamorphosis. In the empirical sense, the article takes in consideration the results of the last researches by many sociologists (Accornero, Beck, Castells, Florida, Gallino, Gorz, Kern and Schumann, ecc.). The main result of the study is that the conditions of the social exchange in the division of labour, industrial relations, labour markets and welfare systems will have more and more influence not only on quality, pay and hours of work but above all on the right combination of the two dimensions of doings and beings for the future worker.