Intergenerational transmission of inequalities in Italy: social classes and the support of children in the early stages of their working career Italian welfare state is characterized by an extremely weak protection of young people at the time of their transition from the educational system to the labour market; the welfare of these individuals, therefore, is highly familiarized. At the same time, the Italian labour market is characterized by a low degree of intragenerational mobility, a disadvantage for higher educated people in terms of the time needed to get their first job, but quite a reward for educational attainment in terms of social desirability of the first occupation obtained. Therefore, the role of the family in protecting young people looking for their first job is extremely relevant. As a matter of fact, family protection allows highly educated Italians not to compete for lower occupational positions and to wait for a good job to be offered. However, families markedly differ in terms of the protection they can offer. The article shows that, net of income resources available, families of the high service class better protect their children while they are looking for their first job and that, during the first stages of children’s working career, they tend to promote children residential autonomy much more than families of other social classes do.