After neo-liberalism: which policies? - This review considers lines of thought followed in different areas of research and seeks to offer a framework for interpretation of change and innovation in public urban and regional policies. Innovative traits are seen firstly in the specifics which have formed and constitute political neoliberalism and more particularly in those characteristics which have made it a process which not only destroys welfare state institutions and policies, but which also constructs new ones. The outcomes of the hybridisation between new and old institutions and between new and old actors, the social inflection which Donzelot speaks of are also innovative. And finally, so are the reviving, or potential, possibilities of states and actors operating in a (new?) public sphere for manoeuvre. Some indications for indicatively going beyond the neoliberal model are taken from three lines of research: the reconstruction of liberal policies in Italy, thinking on social investment and the experimentation of partnerships.