Le differenze di genere nelle scelte imprenditoriali: il caso spagnolo - Gender differences in entrepreneurial intentions and agentic traits frequently linked to entrepreneurship (locus of control, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, risk-taking propensity, and proactivity) were examined using a sample of 535 women and 283 men, all of them Spanish university students. Self-report data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of several scales. MANOVA results showed gender differences in entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurial self-efficacy, men feeling more efficient to create a new venture and being more prone to do so than women. Nevertheless, major area and age explained differences in the variables studied better than gender. Keywords: entrepreneurship, career choice, gender-role stereotypes, agentic traits.