Archivio fascista di medicina politica - This paper describes the birth and presents the main themes of the journal "Archivio fascista di medicina politica" published in the years 1927-1932. The author first discusses the notion of political medicine in fascist ideology, and then analyses the health, social and demographic policies of the fascist regime. He compares political medicine with adjacent disciplines such as social medicine, occupational health and forensic medicine. In the second part of the paper, the author presents some articles - published in this journal - on political medicine related to psychiatry and criminology: i.e. vocational guidance, the fight against alcoholism, the debate on the reform of the penal code ("codice Rocco"), the prevention of crime and above all of juvenile delinquency. Keywords: political medicine, fascism, social diseases, criminology.