Inequality at birth. Remarks on eugenics and heredity in Italy At the end of the nineteenth century, Francis Galton founded the new science of «eugenics», with the aim of improving the «racial qualities of future generations». His intent was to create a new discipline integrating the themes of biological heredity, natural selection, and social stratification. This survey discusses recent literature on the spread of eugenics in early twentieth-century Italy, showing the peculiarities of Italian practitioners.
Keywords: Eugenics; Racism; Italy; Social Stratification; Francis Galton: Corrado Gini
Parole chiave: eugenetica; razzismo; Italia; stratificazione sociale; Francis Galton; Corrado Gini