Safety, development and laws in multicultural cities: which policies? - The fear of crime reflects a broad spectrum of insecurities connected with the new ‘map of risks’ in post modern societies. The obsession with security has contributed to the remodelling of physical space and the social fabric of large urban centres, triggering phenomena of social polarisation which have made labour segmentation even more rigid. The questions posed therefore concern the type of policies that can be adopted to ensure a good ‘social mix’ and how security can be reconciled with rights. It is a question of critically rethinking the concept of citizenship as it has developed over the last two centuries, recovering its political and participatory dimension. Public policies must support inclusion processes encouraging growth in individual capabilities and social capital.