The Epistemological Debate on the Neuroscience - Two fundamental approaches are considered in this paper: materialistic reductionism and neurophenomenology. According to reductionism, the neurosciences can ascertain the reliability of psychological cognition by investigating the material do- main. Neurophenomenology, instead, recurs to an integrated and complex approach, which combines philosophical, psychological and neurological knowledge. This essay critically analyses these approaches, and tries to define their respective philosophical genealogy.
Key words: Epistemology, Mind/body problem, Neurophenomenology, Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis, Reductionism.
Parole chiave: Epistemologia, Neurofenomenologia, Neuroscienze, Psicoanalisi, Relazione mente/corpo, Riduzionismo