Africa at the Fifteenth Universal Peace Congress (1906) - Cesira Filesi Fredrik Bajer, chairman of the International Office for Peace place in Bern, sent a note to the Italian Minister of Foreign Affair on march 1907, concerning the request made at XV Universal Peace Congress, which took place in Milan on 1906, thanks to Mr. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta who was also at its top. It was a very important proposal, which could change European great Powers’ action in Africa. The international Office held it in great esteem and tried to spread the proposal to all European Governments. Congress activities were focused on opposing the exploitation policy managed by the Belgian king: they were supported by a European campaign against this conduct. Focus was on the Congo basin: the Congress asked colonial Powers to convene a new conference to revise and complete the decisions taken on 1884-85 at Berlin International Conference. This article inspects the international approach against colonialism, sustained by the Congress and Moneta, examining African state of affairs and European great Powers reaction to the proposed revision of Berlin General Act. .
Keywords: Africa, XV Universal Peace Congress, Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Berlin General Act, Leopold II, Congo