The survey on administrative and local identities presupposes the need to move on correlations between center and periphery as well as between political classes and government development. It’s on territory that, between old and new party affiliations, was built the legitimacy of the political class, in a close connection between local and national arena. The role of politics and government in local development is a hub for a systematic recognition of the inescapable relationship between politics and economics in the republican Italy. As is evident from the history of the administrative action by the mayors, local governments were not content to accept passively economic policies of national governments but will help define the development strategies of the territory, by influencing the political parties they belong with the proposed cut on the economic realities of provincial and regional areas of the country. The nexus between politics, local government and regional development was reinforced by the birth of the regions in 1970, with significant powers of economic planning, which may induce local institutions to promote the territorial development, according regional models of government with more projected in the national political space.