In contemporary society, also defined as global risk society, the water crisis plays a controversial but decisive role in comparison to other kinds of risks (health, environmental, financial, warlike). It hits, in fact, mostly the geographic areas of the South of the world, where this resource is often scarce and of poor quality; on the contrary, the industrialized countries have an irresponsible approach towards a source which is so precious for the simple fact that it is exhaustible. The advantages of development and globalization are not equally distributed from the geographic point of view and the gap between the "rich" and the "poor" is getting deeper and deeper also in the ambit of this phenomenon. Yet a development, which wants to be sustainable, globally has to face issues such as the availability of drinking water, its quality and public accessibility, considering the necessity to manage and share this resource democratically. The access to water is a fundamental, universal and inalienable right, but if there is not a turn-round from the social, economical and political point of view, rather than be the eternal symbol of life, this resource will become more and more a precious and rare good.
Keywords: Globalization, risk, water resource