In this text the author gives his toughts, feelings and impressions of the trip in Poland in february 2009 for the Erasmus program for teachers. He describes his impressions and sociological observations, as well as conversations with people he met, in particular the collegues from university. He records his discussions with them about Poland’s recent tragic past and the processes of capitalist modernisation which the country is presently investing in a tumultuous pace. There is a situation where the insecurity and social inequalities are widespread but the political and economic elites are optimistic about economic growth. The elites believe that neo-patriotism mitigates the negative effects of marketisation of society. The critics of authoritarian communism tends to undervalues the social dimension of democracy. The trip is situated against a backdrop of global problems: the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Italian and European crises.
Keywords: Mercato, comunismo, identitarismo, democrazia, storia, Polonia