The article highlights the deep connection, both ontological and epistemological, between culture and archive on one hand, and history and philosophy on the other. The relationship between history and philosophy is identified throughout the acknowledgement of the written nature of socio-cultural reality in the first place; such a reality is essentially documental, i.e. structured as an archive (the same archive historians make use of, aimed at reconstructing past events). A presentation of several case studies, analysed during five years of archival and theoretical research at the international level, follows. Attention is brought to the political nature of the institutional action of preservation of cultural heritage, as emphasized by critical remarks.
Keywords: Documenti, archivio, eredità culturale, ricerca storica, cultura, conflitto