The story of Liu Xiabo, Nobel Peace Prize 2010, and Julian Assange, founder and leader of Wikileaks, seemingly have nothing in common, but they pose the same problem of freedom of expression, albeit in different ways. In China, freedom of speech and expression is strictly prohibited. In the West, is widely permitted. But if the foundation of a party is not allowed in China, in the West is a crime to publish not only political but also economic and financial secrets. Freedom of expression, then, should be seen beyond the political systems in the broader framework of different economic models and their cultural matrix. Acquires importance, thus, the struggle against authoritarian systems around the world, even if the convergence between the West and China is hampered by their mutual self-perception.
Keywords: Libertà d’espressione, modelli economici alternativi, matrici culturali, autoritarismo, Cina, Occidente