A recent debate on the introduction of a law against illegitimate historical revisionism in Italy is the occasion of an assessment of the situation in France, where the Gayssot Act has prohibited Holocaust denial since 1990. It is arguable that the negative consequences of this law did not directly concern freedom of speech. Actually, no historian has been sentenced to date because of his writings. Instead, the main effect has been victims competing with each other. After the Gayssot Act other minorities - for example the Armenians - have claimed that their suffering should be officially recognized, while being justified this may involve a concrete danger. When history and justice are subordinated to a question of group identity, the very basis of democratic society might be put at risk.
Keywords: Negazionismo, legge Gayssot, Shoah, lois mémorielles, libertà di opinione, Pierre Vidal-Naquet