javanmard, questo fenomeno è del tutto assimilabile al "banditismo urbano" conosciuto anche in Europa. L’articolo si concentra su tre casi studio: la rivalità tra ne_mati e haydari (XVII e XVIII sec.), che sottolinea i punti di contatto tra "banditismo urbano" e lutismo; il conflitto tra costituzionalisti e anticostituzionalisti nella città di Tabriz (1907-1911), che evidenzia la strumentalizzazione delle fazioni da parte delle élite politiche; l’assassinio del sufi Mushtaq_ali-Shah (1791) da parte degli abitanti della città di Kerman, istigati dall’autorità religiosa sciita. Il saggio si conclude con un parallelo con l’Iran contemporaneo, dove le repressioni delle proteste da parte del regime della Repubblica islamica nel 2009 sono state, si denuncia, portate avanti con l’impiego di "bande" dalle caratteristiche molto simili a quelle dei luti.)" />
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Politics, religion, urban mobilization and violence in Iran in XVIII-XXI centuries: cases of study
Journal Title: STORIA URBANA  
Author/s: Alessandro Cancian 
Year:  2011 Issue: 131 Language: Italian 
Pages:  18 Pg. 53-70 FullText PDF:  495 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SU2011-131004
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The essay investigates the interaction of three different dimensions (urban mobilizations, violence, and the political and religious authorities), focusing on "male congregations" of the Iranian cities from the XVIII century up to the XXI century. These congregations, known Lutism and appealing to the ethic of javanmard - a sort of chivalry -, were similar to the phenomenon of the "urban bands or factions" present in European cities too. The article analyses three case studies: the competition between the nemati e haydari sects (XVII to XVIII century), an example of the similarities between the Iranian and European urban bands’ conflicts; the struggle between constitutionalist and royalist factions in the city of Tabriz between 1907 and 1911, evidencing the political exploitation of the rivalries by the local political élite; and the 1791 assassination of the sufi Mushtaq ali-Shah in the city of Kerman by the city’s population, instigated by the religious authority. The final part of the essays proposes a comparison with the repression of the 2009 demonstrations, which has been carried out - it is denounced - with the help of "bands" possibly associated to the luti.
Keywords: Javanmardi Urban mobilization Political and religious violence

Alessandro Cancian, Politics, religion, urban mobilization and violence in Iran in XVIII-XXI centuries: cases of study in "STORIA URBANA " 131/2011, pp. 53-70, DOI:10.3280/SU2011-131004

   

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