The author seeks to consider the relationship between Emmanuel Mounier - who was the editor of the Personalist review Esprit - and Italian fascism. This article focuses on a specific event: Mounier’s participation in the Italian-French meeting of corporate studies on May 1935. The understanding of French philosopher’s intellectual and political thought implies an investigation of Mounier’s idea of christianity and, at the same time, an analysis of the Church’s position on the secularization process and the totalitarianism. Mounier’s view of the Italian fascist corporate experiment is not completely negative. This point of view depends on the common ambition shared by the Non-Conformists to reach a "third way" between liberalism and communism. According to Mounier, Fascism as Catholic personalism differs from bourgeois materialism in the importance given to the spiritual dimension. However, it is necessary to condemn violence as worship in order to affirm the supremacy of the high principles whose Fascism is considered to be mouthpiece.
Keywords: Emmanuel Mounier, Esprit review, personalism, corporativism, fascism, Vichy regime