Clicca qui per scaricare

Social impacts, prons and cons of hosting mega sporting events, focusing on a global south city: Rio de Janeiro
Titolo Rivista: TERRITORIO 
Autori/Curatori: Giuliana Costa 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: 64  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  9 P. 19-27 Dimensione file:  392 KB
DOI:  10.3280/TR2013-064004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

The organisation and hosting of major events, whether cultural, political, sports, economic or social, forms part of a broader strategy adopted by cities to compete in the global arena and to attract capital and investments and to boost tourism and at the same time to address their economic and social problems. This paper reviews the sociological, economic and planning literature in order to discuss to what extent these complex events represent an opportunity to stimulate the economies of cities and to transform their socio-economic and geographical structure. It does this by analysing the most critical aspects of the changes and redevelopment carried out in Rio de Janeiro to host the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. The analysis focuses on the negative social and economic effects which these events are already having on the city.

Keywords: Great events; urban transformations; social impacts

  1. Agamben G., 2005, State of Exception, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London.
  2. Articulaçâo Nacional dos Comitês Populares da Copa, 2011, Megaeventos e Violações de Direitos Humanos no Brasil (web document:
  3. Bianchini F., Schwengel H., 1991, «Re-imagining the City», in Corner J. and Harvey S. (eds.), Enterprise and Heritage: Crosscurrents of National Culture, Routledge, London.
  4. Bray E., 2011, «The Curse of Good Hospitality: Why developing Countries Shouldn’t Host International Sportings Events», Sais Review, vol. XXXI, n. 1.
  5. Burton R., 2003, «Olympic Games Host City Marketing: An Exploration of Expectations and Outcomes», Sport Marketing Quarterly, vol. 12.1, pp. 37-47.
  6. Burton R., O’Reilly N., 2009, «Consider Intangibles When Weighting Olympic Host City Benefits»Sports Business Journal, September 7, p. 33.
  7. Capanema Alvarez L., Bessa A.M., 2011, International Tourism and Urban Transformations in a Global World: The 2007 Rio de Janeiro
  8. Pan American Games Strategic Plans and their Consequences on Local Identities, paper presented at «Word Planning Schools Congress 2011», Perth (WA), July 4-8.
  9. Carey M., Mason D., Misener L., 2011, «Social Responsibility and the Competitive Bid Process for Major Sporting Events», Journal of Sport & Social Issues, vol. 35.3, pp. 246-263, http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/0193723511416985.
  10. Cerqueira S., 2011, «Preços nas Alturas», Veja, March 30.
  11. Cohre-Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, 2007, Mega Events and Housing Rights (web document:
  12. Costa G., 2011, Disruptive Mega Events: Rio ed Janeiro 2007, 2014 and 2016. Planning Issues, Conflicts and Actors in the Brazilian Sports Metropolis, paper presented at the conference «International Research Conference Planning/Conflict: Critical Perspectives on Contentious Urban Developments», Berlin, October 27-28.
  13. Costa G., 2012a, «Rio de Janeiro città dei mega eventi sportivi: progetti, politiche urbane e impatti sociali», Territorio, n. 60, pp. 158-166.
  14. Costa G., 2012b, «Sullo ‘stato di eccezione’ a Rio de Janeiro, capitale dei mega eventi sportivi all’inizio del terzo Millennio», Studi e Ricerche Socio Territoriali, n. 2.
  15. Curi M., Knijnik J., Mascarenhas G., 2011, «The Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro 2007: Consequences of a Sport Mega-event on a Bric Country», International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol. 46.2, pp. 140-156.
  16. De Queiroz Ribeiro L.C., Corrêa do Lago L., 2001, «A oposição Favela-Bairro no Espaço Social do Rio de Janeiro», São Paulo Perspec., vol. 15.1, pp. 144-154.
  17. De Rose S., 2011, Babilônia and the Threat of Gentrification (web document:; accessed on 24 July).
  18. Essex S., Chalkley B., 1998, «Olympic Games: Catalyst for Urban Change», Leisure Studies, vol. 17, pp. 187-206.
  19. Furrer P., 2002, Sustainable Olympic Games. A dream or Reality? (web document:
  20. Gibson H.J., 1998, «Sport Tourism: A Critical Analysis of Research», Sport Management Review, vol. 1, pp. 45-76.
  21. Godinho de Oliveira F.J., 2010, «Participação social e gestão democrática dos fundos e investimentos destinados aos Jogos Olímpicos do Rio de Janeiro: uma tarefa para 2016», Biblio 3W, Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales, vol. XV.895, p. 23.
  22. Gratton C., Henry I., 2001, eds., Sport in the City: The Role of Sport in Economic and Social Regeneration, Routledge, London.
  23. Gratton C., Shibli S., Coleman R., 2005, «Sport and Economic Regeneration in Cities», Urban Studies, vol. 42.5-6, pp. 985-999.
  24. Guala C., 2009, Mega Eventi. Modelli e storie di rigenerazione urbana, Carocci, Roma.
  25. Gusmão de Oliveira N., Gaffney C.T., 2010, «Rio de Janeiro e Barcelona: Os Límites do Paradigma Olímpico», Biblio 3W, Revista Bibliografica de geografia y ciencias sociales, vol. XV.895, p. 17.
  26. Hall C.M., 1992, Hallmark Tourist Events: Impacts, Management and Plannin, Bellhaven, London.
  27. Hall C.M., 2006, «Urban Entrepreneurship, Corporate Interests and Sports Mega-Events: the Thin Policies of Competitiveness within the Hard
  28. Outcomes of Neoliberalism», The Sociological Review, vol. 54, pp. 59-70.
  29. Harvey D., 2001, Spaces of Capital: Towards a Critical Geography, Routledge, New York.
  30. Hiller H., 2000, «Mega-events, Urban Boosterism and Growth Strategies: An Analysis of the Objectives and Legitimations of the Cape Town 2004 Olympic Bid», International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 24, pp. 439-458.
  31. Horne J., Manzenreiter W., 2006, Sports Mega-Events: Social Scientific Analyses of a Global Phenomenon, Blackwell, Oxford.
  32. Justiça Global, 2008, Segurança, tráfico e milícia no Rio de Janeiro, Fundação Heinrich Böll, Rio de Janeiro.
  33. Levermore R., 2010, «Csr for Development through Sport: Examining its Potential and Limitations», Third World Quarterly, vol. 31, pp. 223-241,, DOI: 10.1080/01436591003711967
  34. Misener L., Mason D.S.,2008, «Urban Regimes and the Sporting Events Agenda: A Cross National Comparison of Civic Development Strategies », Journal of Sport Management, vol. 22, pp. 603-627.
  35. Neri P., 2010, Brazil: Megaevents and Forced Evictions (web document:
  36. Oecd, 2008, Local Development Benefits from Staging Global Events (web document:
  37. Oecd, 2010, Local Development Benefits from Staging Global Events: Achieving the Local Development Legacy from 2012 (web document:
  38. Oliveira V., 2011, Especulação imobiliária na Maré (web document:
  39. Omena E., 2011, «Desafios no caminho para o Rio 2016: o que nos dizem as experiências anteriores?», Metropolis- Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Urbanos e Regionais, vol. 4.2.
  40. Porter L., 2009, «Planning Displacement: The Real Legacy of Major Sporting Events», Planning Theory & Practice, vol. 10.3, pp. 395-418,, DOI: 10.1080/14649350903229828
  41. Preuss H., 2004, The Economics of Staging the Olympics: A Comparison of the Games 1972-2008, Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton and Cheltenham Glos.
  42. Preuss H., 2007, «The Conceptualisation and Measurement of Mega Sport Event Legacies», Journal of Sports & Tourism, vol. 12.3-4, pp. 207-227.
  43. Roche M., 1994, «Mega-events and Urban Policy», Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 21.1, pp. 1-19,, DOI: 10.1016/0160-7383(94)90002-7
  44. Rolnik R., 2009, Report of the Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing as a Component of the Right to an Adequate Standard of Living, and on the Right to Non-discrimination in this Context (web document:
  45. Rolnik R., 2011, Copa do Mundo e Jogos Olímpicos: ‘O espetáculo e omito’ (web document:, 12 agosto, accessed in October 2011).
  46. Rose K., Spiegel M.M., 2010, «Olympic Trade Effect. Countries that Bid for the Olympics are Sending a Signal That They Are Ready to Open up Trade», Finance and Development, March.
  47. Rubio K., 2005, «Os jogos olímpicos e a transformação das cidades: os custos sociais de um megaevento», Scripta Nova- Revista electrónica de geografía y ciencias sociais, vol. IX, n. 194 Universidad de Barcelona (available at
  48. Vainer C., 2010, Cidade e Excepção: Reflexões a partir do Rio de Janeiro (web document:
  49. Zimbalist A., 2010, «Is It Worth It? Hosting the Olympic Games and Other Mega Sporting Events is an Honour Many Countries Aspire to, But why?». Finance and Development, March, pp. 8-11.

  1. Antonella Maiello, Cecilia Pasquinelli, Destruction or construction ? A (counter) branding analysis of sport mega-events in Rio de Janeiro in Cities /2015 pp. 116, DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2015.06.011

Giuliana Costa, in "TERRITORIO" 64/2013, pp. 19-27, DOI:10.3280/TR2013-064004


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche