It is well know that memory is an ability very sensitive to aging. However, in literature there is evidence that memory can be improved through different cognitive interventions. More controversial are the findings relative to transfer and maintenance effects obtained with cognitive trainings. A crucial point is represented by metacognitive aspects and self-efficacy’s beliefs of older adults: the potential change of these aspects might favor the strategies’ application in everyday life, and thus favor a further benefit in terms of maintenance and generalization. The objective of this study is to present the strategic-metacognitive intervention "Lab.I Empowerment Cognitivo", proposed to the community of Mestre (Venezia) by Antica Scuola dei Battuti. The aim of this intervention was twofold: first, to improve older adults’ memory performance and, second, to improve participants’ attitudes toward "remembering". Ninety individuals participated in this study. The Results show the importance of proposing cognitive intervention in which both strategies and metacognitive activities/considerations (attitudes and beliefs about memory) are taken into account, focusing both on "hot" and "cold" aspects of cognition, in aging.
Keywords: Memory training, metacognition, memory strategies, active aging.
Erika Borella, Alessandra Cantarella, Sara Majer, Tania Mattarello, De Beni Rossana, Cesare Cornoldi, The strategic-metacognitive intervention "lab-i empowerment cognitivo" in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2-3/2012, pp. 275-292, DOI:10.3280/RIP2012-002009