Click here to download

Family pictures with Faces IV. Family styles of people with a drug addiction
Journal Title: RIVISTA DI PSICOTERAPIA RELAZIONALE  
Author/s: Enrico Visani, Claudia Agostino, Maria Cristina Bertolotti, Elena Porcella, Federica Seravelli 
Year:  2013 Issue: 37 Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 41-55 FullText PDF:  820 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PR2013-037002
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


In this study are presented data from a research carried out on a population of people with substance use disorder concerning the representation of family styles of their own families of origin. In the research was used the questionnaire Faces IV, recently revised by Olson and Gorall, and a sociodemographic tab to identify the main features of those involved in the study. From the results we found that observed drug addict people have an overall perception of their own family characterised by scarcity of protective factors (in terms of cohesion and flexibility), ineffective comunicative style and a significant dissatisfaction of family functioning, consistetly with the assumptions of the Olson Circumflex Model. Medium profile detects in the unbalanced scales a raising of Disengagement (as regard Cohesion) and Disorganization (as regard Flexibility). The representation of the emotional link experienced by drug addicts in their family seems characterized by aspects of emotional detachment, while in the area of management of relational rules and roles, emerges a perception with both aspects of rigidity and disorganization.
Keywords: Drug addiction, abuse of substances, family therapy, family research, Faces IV Olson.

  1. APA (1996). Manuale diagnostico e statistico dei disturbi mental. Milano, Parigi Barcellona: Masson.
  2. Barra M., Lelli V. (1990). Droghe e drogati. Roma: Ianua.
  3. Baumrind D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance abuse. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11: 56-95., DOI: 10.1177/0272431691111004
  4. Birchler G.R., Fals-Stewart W. (2000). Considerations for clients with marital dysfunction. In Hersen M. e Biaggio M. (eds.). Effective brief therapies: A clinician’s guide. San Diego: CA, Academic Press.
  5. Cancrini L. (1982). Quei temerari sulle macchine volanti. Roma: Nuova Italia Scientifica.
  6. Cancrini M.G., Mazzoni S. (2002). I contesti della droga. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  7. Cirillo S., Berrini R., Cambiaso G., Mazza R. (1996). La famiglia del tossicodipendente. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
  8. Coombs R.H., Landswerk J. (1988). Parenting styles and substance abuse during childhood and adolescence. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50: 473-482., DOI: 10.2307/352012
  9. Coyer S.M. (2001). Mothers recovering from cocaine addiction: factors affecting parenting skills. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic and neonatal nursing, 30 (1):71-79., DOI: 10.1111/5.1552-6909.2001.tb01523.x
  10. Fruggeri L. (1997). Famiglie. Roma: Carocci.
  11. Gecas V., Seff M.A. (1990). Families and adolescents: a review of the 1980s. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52: 941-958., DOI: 10.2307/353312
  12. Hawkins J.D., Lishner D.M., Catalano R.F., Howard M.O. (1986). Childhood pre-dictors of adolescent substance abuse: toward empirically grounded theory.
  13. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society, 18: 11-48., DOI: 10.1300/j274v18n01_03
  14. Hersen M., Biaggio M. (eds.) (2000). Effective brief therapies: A clinician’s guide. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  15. Jurich A.P., Polson C.J., Jurich J.A., Bates R.A. (1985). Family factors in the life of drug users and abusers. Adolescence, 20: 143-159.
  16. Koffinke C. (1991). I’ll never do that to my kids: the parenting traps of adult children. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Deaconess Press.
  17. Kouneski E.F. (2000). The family Circumplex Model, Faces II and Faces III: overview of research and applications. University of Minnesota: Twin Cities.
  18. Loriedo C., Picardi A. (2000). Dalla teoria generale dei sistemi alla teoria dell’attaccamento. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  19. Loriedo C. (2005). Binge Eating Disorder e relazioni familiari: uno studio con il Faces III. Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale, 21: 1-24.
  20. Loriedo C., Visani E., Di Nuovo S. (2010). Una nuova valutazione del sistema familiare: la quarta edizione del “Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales”. Ciclo Evolutivo e Disabilità XIII, 2: 323-333.
  21. Malagoli Togliatti M., Tofani Rocchietta L. (1987). Famiglie multiproblematiche. Roma: NIS.
  22. Merikangas K.R., Rounsaville B.J., Prusoff B.A. (1992). Familial factors in vulnerability in substance use disorders. In Glantz M. e Pickens R. (eds.). Vulnerability to Drug Abuse, Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
  23. Minuchin S. (1979). Constructing a therapeutic reality. In Kaufmann E. e Kaufmann P. (Eds). Family Therapy of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. New York: Gardner Press.
  24. NIDA (1997). National Institute on Drug Abuse, Preventing drug use among children and adolescence: a research-based guide. National Institute of Health Publication, 97: 4212.
  25. Olson D.H., Gorall D.M. (2003). Circumflex model of marital and familiy systems.
  26. In Walsh F. Normal Family Process, 3^Ed. New York: Guilford.
  27. Olson D.H., Gorall D.M. (2004). Faces IV. Innovation and Applications. Minnesota: Life Innovations, Inc.
  28. Olson D.H., Gorall D.M. (2006). Faces IV and the Circumplex Model. Minnesota: Life innovation.
  29. Piercy F.P., Volk R.J., Trepper T., Sprenkle D.H. (1991). The relationship of substance abuse, Family Dynamics of Addiction Quarterly, 1: 41-54.
  30. Prest L.A., Storm C. (1988). The codependent relationship of compulsive eaters and drinkers: drawing parallels. American Journal of Family Therapy, 16 (4): 339-350., DOI: 10.1080/01926188808250739
  31. Scabini E. (1995). Psicologia sociale della famiglia. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri. Visani E., Solfaroli Camillocci D. (2001). Identità e relazione, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  32. Volk R.J., Edwards D.W., Lewis R.A., Sprenkle D.H. (1989). Family systems of adolescent substance abusers. Family Relations, 38: 266-272. www.jstor. org/stable/585052.

Enrico Visani, Claudia Agostino, Maria Cristina Bertolotti, Elena Porcella, Federica Seravelli, Family pictures with Faces IV. Family styles of people with a drug addiction in "RIVISTA DI PSICOTERAPIA RELAZIONALE " 37/2013, pp. 41-55, DOI:10.3280/PR2013-037002

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content