The numerous industrial ruins that exist today represent a point of reference in the context of the planning transformation processes that have occurred in Romania during the post-socialist period. The widespread diffusion of industry was an economic priority during the communist period in Romania. It resulted in a process of ‘territorial arrangement’, which began in that period and was characterised by a direct connection between urbanisation and industrialisation, with the end purpose of ‘building social and economic uniformity’. The purpose of this paper is to use the study of industrial cities to analyse the territorial transformations that occurred in Romania beginning in 1945 during the planned socialism period and at a second stage during the changeover to capitalism (post 1989).
Keywords: Territorial transformation; deindustrialisation; Romania