Evaluation of universities (like of any other structure or service) is neither negative nor positive. It depends on how it is performed and on the use it is intended for. In the case of Italy, it has been seen, often not incorrectly, as a way to reduce the margins of the universities’ autonomy, also because of the consequences attributed to it. It has not helped, either, that there has been overlapping (to not say confusion) in the goals of accreditation and premium next to those of accountability and learning. This essay proposes to bring the evaluation of universities in closer connection with the universities’ missions (didactic, research, local support) and with the different stakeholders in consideration. The aim is to not pursue a self-referencing logic that is often common to both opposers and supporters of the university evaluation. The essay concludes with a few proposals for a good and useful evaluation, which, given the times, have a good possibility of being ignored or disregarded.