The theme of evaluation is approached based on a reflection on the most evident criteria that have transformed the university system into a perpetual «construction yard». At a first glance, these criteria go from the attitude of politics on the universities’ problems, to the extremism of reforms with no self evaluation, which creates inevitable multiple and hyper regulating. The risk is to return to the past, paradoxically because of the same issues that initiated the evaluation system, such as autonomy and quality. The future challenge lies on how well and how much evaluation will actually be perceived as a strategy for cultural development of the system, and if the position of the «evaluation institution » will stop being viewed as another «Court of Auditors». The sensation of constantly being under exam is widespread, with dangerously distortive effects on quality. This is quite clear in the difficult obstacle course that social sciences are facing for the recognition of their specializations.