Clicca qui per scaricare

Bambini maltrattati e abusati in adozione
Titolo Rivista: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA 
Autori/Curatori: Francesco Vadilonga, Sara Petoletti 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  29 P. 59-87 Dimensione file:  694 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2013-003004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Questo studio affronta, da una prospettiva clinica e alla luce dei contributi della teoria dell’attaccamento, il collocamento adottivo di bambini con storie traumatiche di abbandono, maltrattamento e abuso sessuale. Vengono descritte le dinamiche emotive e relazionali conseguenti l’inserimento del bambino con traumi in famiglia adottiva. Infine vengono proposte delle linee d’intervento terapeutico volte a sostenere l’azione riparativa ed elaborativa dell’adozione.


Keywords: Adozione, abuso all’infanzia, maltrattamento, adozione speciale, attaccamento

  1. Vadilonga, F. (Ed.) (2010). Curare l’adozione. Modelli di sostegno e presa in carico della crisi adottiva. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  2. Aber, L., Slade, A., Berger, B., Bresgi, I., & Kaplan, M. (1985). The Parent Development Interview. Barnard College, Columbia University, NY, documento non pubblicato.
  3. Attili, G. (2001). Maltrattamento infantile ed attaccamento: l’organizzazione filogenetica del pattern disorganizzato. Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia, 3, 3, 49-60.
  4. Bertetti, B. (2008). Oltre il maltrattamento. La resilienza come capacità di superare il trauma. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  5. Boris, N. (2003). Attachment, aggression and holding: A cautionary tale. Attachment and Human Development, 5, 3, 245-248,, 10.1080/14616730310001593947DOI: 10.1080/14616730310001593947
  6. Bowlby, J. (1989). Una base sicura. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  7. Brodzinsky, D. M. (2004). Family structural openness and communication openness as predictors in the adjustment in adopted children. Paper presented at the 18th biennal meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, Ghent, Belgium.
  8. Bronfebrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge: Harvard University Press (trad. it. Bologna: il Mulino, 1986).
  9. Bruner, E. (1991). Experience and its expressions. In V. Turner, E. Bruner (eds.). The Anthrophology of Experience (pp. 3-30). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
  10. Crittenden, P. M. (1999). Child neglect: Causes and contributors. In H. Dubowitz, (ed.). Neglected children: Research, practice and policy (pp. 47-68). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  11. Dallos, R. (2006). Attachment narrative therapy. Integrating systemic narrative and attachment approaches. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
  12. De Zulueta, F. (2009). Dal dolore alla violenza. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  13. Di Blasio, P. (2000). Psicologia del bambino maltrattato. Bologna: il Mulino.
  14. Di Blasio, P. (Ed.) (2005). Tra rischio e protezione. La valutazione delle competenze parentali. Milano: Unicopli.
  15. Dozier, M., Stovall, K. C., Albus, K., & Bates, B. (2001). Attachment for infants in foster care: The role of caregiver state of mind. Child Development, 72, 1467-1477,, 10.1111/1467-8624.00360DOI: 10.1111/1467-8624.00360
  16. Dozier, M., & Sepulveda, S. (2004). Foster mother state of mind and treatment: Different challenges for different people. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25, 368-378,, 10.1002/imhj.20011DOI: 10.1002/imhj.20011
  17. Egeland, E., Carlson, E., & Sroufe, L. (1993). Resilience as process. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 517-528.
  18. Erich, S., & Leung, P. (2002). The impact of previous type of abuse and sibling adoption upon adoptive families. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26, 1045-1058,, 10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00374-5DOI: 10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00374-5
  19. Fischer-Mamblona, H. (2000). On the evolution of attachment-disordered behaviour. Attachment and Human Development, 2, 1, 8-22,, 10.1080/146167300361291DOI: 10.1080/146167300361291
  20. Fonagy, P., & Target, M. (1997). Attachment and reflective function: Their role in self-organization. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 679-700,, 10.1017/S0954579497001399DOI: 10.1017/S0954579497001399
  21. Fonagy, P., Steele, M., Steele, H., Moran, G., & Higgitt, A. C. (1991). The capacity for understanding mental states: The reflective self in parent and child and its significance for security of attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 13, 200-216.
  22. George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). The Adult Attachment Interview. University of California, Berkeley, documento non pubblicato.
  23. Henry, D. L. (1999). Resilience in maltreated children: Implications for special needs adoption. Child Welfare, 78, 5, 519-540.
  24. Hodges, J., Steele, M., Hillman, S., Henderson, K., & Kaniuk, J. (2003). Changes in attachment representations over the first year of adoptive placement: Narratives of maltreated children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 8, 3, 351-367,, 10.1177/1359104503008003006DOI: 10.1177/1359104503008003006
  25. Hodges, J., Steele, M., Hillman, S., Henderson, K., & Kaniuk, J. (2005). Change and continuity in mental representation of attachment after adoption. In D. M. Brodzinsky & J. Palacios (Eds.). Psychological issues in adoption (p. 9). New York: Praeger Publisher.
  26. Howe, D., Brandon, M., Hinins, D., & Schofield, G. (1999). Attachment theory, child maltreatment and family support: A practice and assessment model. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  27. Howe, D., & Fearnley, S. (2003). Disorder of attachment in adopted and fostered children: Recognition and treatment. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 8, 369-387,, 10.1177/13591045030083007DOI: 10.1177/13591045030083007
  28. Howe, D. (2010). Psicoterapia evolutiva dell’attaccamento con bambini in affido e adozione. In F. Vadilonga (a cura di). Curare l’adozione. Modelli di sostegno e presa in carico della crisi adottiva. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  29. Hughes, D. (2002). The psychological treatment of children with PTSD and attachment disorganization: Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy. In http://danielhughes.homestead.co./Model.html.
  30. Hughes, D. A. (2011). L’attaccamento nella terapia familiare. Roma: Borla.
  31. Juffer, F., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (2005). The importance of parenting in the development of disorganized attachment: Evidence from a preventive intervention study in adoptive families. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 263-274,, 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00353.xDOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00353.x
  32. Keck, G. C., & Kupecky, R. (1995). Adopting the hurt child. Hope for families with special needs kids. A guide for parents and professionals. Colorado Spring: Pinon Press.
  33. LeDoux, J. (1998). The emotional brain. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  34. Luthar, S. S. (2003). Resilience and Vulnerability. New York: Free Association Press.
  35. Luthar, S. S., & Ziegler, E. (1991). Vulnerability and competence: A review of research of resilience in childhood. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61, 6-22,, 10.1037/h0079218DOI: 10.1037/h0079218
  36. Mariani, R., & Vadilonga, F. (2010). Il sostegno alla famiglia adottiva. In F. Vadilonga (Ed.). Curare l’adozione. Modelli di sostegno e presa in carico della crisi adottiva. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  37. Masten, A. S., & Reed, M. J., (2002). Resilience in Development. In C. R. Synder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.). Handbook of positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
  38. McNamara, J., & McNamara, B. H. (Eds.) (1990). Adoption and sexually abused child. Portland: University of South Maine, Human Services Department Institute.
  39. Minshew, D. H., & Hooper, C. (1990). The adoptive family as a healing resource for the child: A training manual. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
  40. Nalavany, B. A., & Ryan, S. D. (2008). Childhood sexual abuse and the impact on post-adoptive child and family functioning: A systemic synthesis of the research literature. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 1, 119-134,, 10.1080/19361520802084004DOI: 10.1080/19361520802084004
  41. Nalavany, B. A., Ryan, S. D., Howard, J. A., & Smith, S. L. (2008). Preadoptive child sexual abuse as a predictor of moves in care, adoption disruptions and inconsistent adoptive parent commitment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 1084-1088,, 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.07.001DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.07.001
  42. O’Connor, T., & Zeanah, C. (2003). Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches. Attachment and Human Development, 5, 223-244,, 10.1080/14616730310001593974DOI: 10.1080/14616730310001593974
  43. Powell, B., Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., & Marvin, R. (2007). The circle of security project: A case study – It hurts to give that which you did not receive. In D. Oppenheim, & F. Goldsmith (Eds.). Attachment theory in clinical work with children. New York: Guilford Press.
  44. Rangone, G., & Vadilonga, F. (2010). Modelli di presa in carico e programmi di trattamento della crisi adottiva. In F. Vadilonga (Ed.). Curare l’adozione. Modelli di sostegno e presa in carico della crisi adottiva. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  45. Rosenthal, J. A. (1993). Outcomes of adoption of children with special need. Adoption: The Future of Children, 3, 1, 77-88,, 10.2307/1602403DOI: 10.2307/1602403
  46. Rosenthal, J. A., & Groze, V. K. (1992). Special-needs adoption: A study of intact families. New York: Praeger.
  47. Rutter, M. (1979). Protective factors in children’s responses to stress and disadvantage. In M. W. Kent, & J. E. Rolf (Eds.). Primary prevention of psychopathology (Vol. Social Competence in Children, pp. 349-379). Hannover: University press of New England.
  48. Rutter, M. (1990). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. H. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.). Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopatology. Cambridge: University Press.
  49. Shields, A., Cicchetti, D., & Ryan, R. (1994). The development of emotional and behavioral self-regulation and social competence among maltreated school-aged children. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 57-75,, 10.1017/S0954579400005885DOI: 10.1017/S0954579400005885
  50. Smith, S. L., & Howard, J. A. (1991). A comparative study of successful and disrupted adoptions. Social Service Review, 65, 248-265,, 10.1086/603836DOI: 10.1086/603836
  51. Smith, S. L., & Howard, J. A. (1994). The impact of previous sexual abuse on children’s adjustment in adoptive placement. Social Work, 39, 491-501.
  52. Smith, S. L., Howard, J. A., & Monroe, A. D. (2000). Issues underlying behaviour problems in at risk adopted children. Children and Youth Services Review, 24, 539-562,, 10.1016/S0190-7409(00)00102-XDOI: 10.1016/S0190-7409(00)00102-X
  53. Smith, S. L., Garnier, P., Howard, J. A., & Ryan, S. (2005). Where are we now: a post ASFA examination of adoption disruption. Unpublished manuscript.
  54. Solomon, J., George, C. (2002). La misurazione della sicurezza dell’attaccamento nell’infanzia (traduzione italiana). In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.). Manuale dell’attaccamento: teoria, ricerca e applicazioni cliniche (pp. 297-322). Roma: Fioriti.
  55. Steele, M., Hodges, J., Kaniuk, J., Hillman, S., & Henderson, K. (2003). Attachment Representations and adoption: Associations between maternal states of mind and emotion narratives in previously maltreated children. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 29, 2, 187-205,, 10.1080/0075417031000138442DOI: 10.1080/0075417031000138442
  56. Stovall, K. C., & Dozier, M. (1998). Infants in foster care: An attachment theory perspective. Adoption Quarterly, 2, 55-88,, 10.1300/J145v02n01_05DOI: 10.1300/J145v02n01_05
  57. Vadilonga, F., Lombardi, S., Petoletti, S., & Visconti, A. (2012). Il trattamento psicologico: ricostruire e narrare la storia per sostenere l’elaborazione dei traumi di caregiver e bambini. Minori Giustizia, 1, 109-128,, 10.3280/MG2012-001009DOI: 10.3280/MG2012-001009
  58. Waller, M. A. (2001). Resilience in ecosystemic context: Evolution of the concept. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71, 1-8,, 10.1037/0002-9432.71.3.290DOI: 10.1037/0002-9432.71.3.290
  59. White, M., (1992). La terapia come narrazione: proposte cliniche. Roma: Astrolabio.



  1. Maria Gloria Gleijeses, Annamaria Scapicchio, Un'esperienza clinica di gruppo con genitori adottivi di bambini vittime di Esperienze Sfavorevoli Infantili in MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL'INFANZIA 3/2018 pp. 115, DOI: 10.3280/MAL2018-003007

Francesco Vadilonga, Sara Petoletti, in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 3/2013, pp. 59-87, DOI:10.3280/MAL2013-003004

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche