Clicca qui per scaricare

L’innovazione delle imprese italiane tra il 2008 e il 2010° italian firms’ innovation strategies in 2008-2010
Autori/Curatori: Leandro D'Aurizio, Marco Marinucci 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  31 P. 189-219 Dimensione file:  194 KB
DOI:  10.3280/POLI2013-004009
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

The paper describes the innovation strategies of a representative sample of Italian firms participating to the Bank of Italy’s yearly survey. The evidence covers the 2008- 2010 period and highlights some stylized facts widely discussed in the economic literature. Results show that the activity of R&D is carried out within the firm, basically self-financed and it is more intense among bigger firms settled in central and northern Italy. On the other hand, public funding of R&D does not seem able to influence the firms’ decision of undertaking the innovation process. Even though R&D expenditure and innovation activity are highly correlated, managerial best practices tend to be positively associated with R&D expenditure but to a lesser extent with the firms’ ability to introduce an innovation. Moreover, exporting firms have a higher propensity both to invest in R&D and to patent their intellectual property. Finally, the survey shows that the most relevant obstacles for Italian firms to innovate are the high setup costs and the lack of skilled research personnel.

Keywords: Ricerca e sviluppo, innovazione
Jel Code: O31, O32, L25

  1. Aghion P., Howitt P. 1992. A model of growth through creative destruction. Econometrica, 60 (2): 323-351,, DOI: 10.2307/2951599
  2. Anonymous. 2012a. Arrested development. The Economist, published online.
  3. Anonymous. 2012b. R&D: how low can you go?. The Economist, published online.
  4. Arrow K. 1959. Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention, mimeo.
  5. Banca d’Italia. 2011. Supplementi al bollettino statistico, indagine sulle imprese industriali e dei servizi, anno di riferimento 2010. Banca d’Italia: Roma.
  6. Bandiera O., Guiso L., Prat A., Sadun R. 2008. Italian managers: fidelity or performance?, mimeo.
  7. Barro R., Sala I Martin X. 2003. Economic Growth. MIT press: Cambridge (Mass.).
  8. Belleflamme P. 2006. Patents and incentives to innovate: some theoretical and empirical economic evidence. Ethical Perspectives: Journal of the European Ethics Network, 13 (2): 267-288,, DOI: 10.2143/ep.13.2.2016634
  9. Black S.E., Lynch L.M. 2001. How to compete, the impact of workplace practices and information technology on productivity. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 83 (3): 434-445,, DOI: 10.1162/00346530152480081
  10. FiveIpoffices. 2012. IP5 Statistic Report 2011 Edition. USpTo: Alexandria.
  11. Griliches Z. 1998. R&D and Productivity. The Econometric Evidence. University of Chicago press: Chicago,, DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226308906.001.0001
  12. Hall B. 2011. Innovation and productivity. NBER Working Paper Series 17178.
  13. Hall B., Mairesse J., Mohen p. 2010. Measuring the returns to R&D, in Hall B., rosenberg n. (eds.) Handbook in Economics of Innovation. Elsevier: Amsterdam.
  14. Holmström B. 1999. Managerial incentive problems: a dynamic perspective. Review of Economic Studies, 66 (1): 169-182,, DOI: 10.1111/1467-937X.00083
  15. Istat. 2010. La ricerca e sviluppo in Italia, anno 2008. Istat: Roma.
  16. Link A.n., Scott J.T. 2006. US university research parks. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 25 (1-2): 43-55,, DOI: 10.1007/s11123-006-7126-x
  17. Lotti F., Schivardi F. 2005. Cross country differences in patent propensity: a firm-level investigation. Giornale degli Economisti, 64 (4): 469-502.
  18. Lotti F., Viviano E. 2010. Why hiring temporary workers? Their impact on firms’ profits and productivity, mimeo.
  19. Marinucci M. 2008. Research joint ventures e welfare: una rassegna sulla letteratura teorica. Economia e Politica Industriale, 35 (2): 73-97.
  20. Marinucci M. 2012. A primer on R&D cooperation among firms. Questioni di Economia e Finanza della Banca d’Italia 130.
  21. Maskus K. 2000. Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy. Institute for International economics: Washington.
  22. Merito M., Giannageli S., Bonaccorsi A. 2010. Do incentives to industrial R&D enhance research productivity and firm growth? evidence from the Italian case. International Journal of Technology Management, 49 (1-3): 25-48,, DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2010.029409
  23. Michie J., Sheehan M. 1999. HRM practices, R&D expenditure and innovative investment: evidence from the IK’s 1990 workplace industrial relations survey (WIRS). Industrial and Corporate Change, 8 (2): 211-234,, DOI: 10.1093/icc/8.2.211
  24. Miotti L., Sachwald F. 2003. Co-operative r&D: why and with whom? An integrated framework of analysis. Research Policy, 32 (8): 1481-1499,, DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7333(02)00159-2
  25. Nordhaus W.D. 1963. Invention, Growth, and Welfare. MIT press: Cambridge (Mass.).
  26. Perrin B. 2000. How to – and How Not to – Evaluate Innovation. UK evaluation Society Conference: London.
  27. Piva M., Santarelli E., Vivarelli M. 2005. The skill bias effect of technological and organizational change: evidence and policy implications. Research Policy, 34 (2): 141-157,, DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2004.11.005
  28. Romer P.M. 1990. Endogenous technological change. Journal of Political Economy, 98 (5): S71-S102,, DOI: 10.1086/261725
  29. Romer P.M. 2011. Advanced Macroeconomics. Mc Graw Hill: New York.
  30. Sabbatini D. 2011. La tutela delle invenzioni industriali: adeguatezza della disciplina e possibili linee evolutive. Questioni di Economia e Finanza della Banca d’Italia 109.
  31. Schumpeter J. 1942. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Harper editor: New York.
  32. Scotchmer S. 2004. Innovation and Incentives. MIT press: Cambridge (Mass.).
  33. Spence M. 1984. Cost reduction, competition, and industry performance. Econometrica, 52 (1): 101-122,, DOI: 10.2307/1911463
  34. Squicciarini M. 2008. Science parks’ tenants versus out-of-park firms: who innovates more? A duration model. Journal of Technology Transfer, 33 (1): 45-71,, DOI: 10.1007/s10961-007-9037-z
  35. Squicciarini M. 2009, Science parks: seedbeds of innovation? A duration analysis of firms’ patenting activity. Small Business Economics, 32 (2): 169-190,, DOI: 10.1007/s11187-007-9075-9
  36. Swan G.M.P 2010. The Economics of Innovation. An Introduction. Edward Elgar publishing: Chentelnham.
  37. Fantino D. 2008. R&D and market structure in a horizontal differentiation framework. Temi di Discussione della Banca d’Italia 658.
  38. Falk R. 2007. Measuring the effects of public support schemes on firms innovation activities. Survey evidence from Austria. Research Policy, 36 (5): 665-679,, DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2007.01.005
  39. Fabiani S., Schivardi F., Trento S. 2005. ICT adoption in Italian manufacturing: firmlevel evidence. Industrial and Corporate Change, 14 (2): 225-249,, DOI: 10.1093/icc/dth050
  40. European patent office. 2009. Annual Report, published online.
  41. European patent office. 2005. Annual Report, published online.
  42. European patent office. 2004. Annual Report, published online.
  43. De Blasio G., Fantino D., pellegrini G. 2010. evaluating the Impact of innovation incentives: evidence from an unexpected shortage of funds, mimeo.
  44. De Blasio G., Lotti F. 2008. La valutazione degli aiuti alle imprese. il Mulino: Bologna.
  45. David P., Hall B.H., Toole A.A. 2000. Is public R&D a complement or substitute for private R&D? A review of the econometric evidence. Research Policy, 29 (4-5): 497-529,, DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00087-6
  46. Crépon B., Duguet e., Mairesse J. 1998. research, innovation, and productivity: an econometric analysis. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 7 (2): 115-158,, DOI: 10.1080/10438599800000031
  47. Cosconati M., Sembenelli A. 2010. Firm Subsidies and the Innovation Output: What Can we Learn by Looking at Multiple Investment Inputs?. IRVAPP PR 2010-03. Istituto per la ricerca valutativa delle politiche pubbliche: Trento.
  48. Correa C.M. 2007. Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Commentary on the TRIPS Agreement. oxford University press: oxford (UK),, DOI: 10.1093/law/9780199271283.001.0001
  49. Commissione europea. 2010. Europa 2020. Una strategia per una crescita intelligente, sostenibile e inclusiva. Commissione europea: Brussels.
  50. Cerulli G., Potì B. 2012. The differential impact of privately and publicly funded R&D on R&D investment and innovation: the Italian case. Prometheus, 30 (1): 113-149,, DOI: 10.1080/08109028.2012.671288
  51. Cerulli G. 2010. Modeling and measuring the effect of public subsidies on business R&D: a critical review of the econometric literature. Economic Record, 86 (274): 421-449,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2009.00615.x
  52. Ceris-Cilea-Confindustria-Istat. 2009. Modelli e metodologie per la valutazione dell’impatto del finanziamento pubblico alla ricerca industriale. Rapporto finale progetto FIRB 2005-2008. Ceris-Cnr, pubblicato online.
  53. Capello P., Morrison A. 2009. Science parks and local knowledge creation: a conceptual approach and an empirical analysis in two Italian realities, in Karlsson C., Andersson A.E., Cheshire P.C. (eds.) New Directions in Regional Economic Development. Springer: Berlin-Heidelberg,, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-01017-0_13
  54. Cannari L., D’Aurizio L., de Blasio G. 2007. The effectiveness of investment subsidies: evidence from survey data, Rivista Italiana degli Economisti, 12 (3): 329-345.
  55. Bugamelli M., Cannari L., Lotti F., Magri S. 2012. Il gap innovativo del sistema produttivo italiano: radici e possibili rimedi. Questioni di Economia e Finanza della Banca d’Italia 121.
  56. Bugamelli M., Pagano P. 2004. Barriers to investment in ICT. Applied Economics, 36 (20): 2275-2286,, DOI: 10.1080/0003684042000270031
  57. Brown M., Degryse H., Höwer D., Penas M.F. 2012. How do banks screen innovative firms? evidence from start-up panel data. ZEW Discussion papers 12/132.
  58. Bronzini R., Iachini E. 2011. Are incentives for r&D effective? evidence from a regression discontinuity approach. Temi di Discussione della Banca d’Italia 791.
  59. Bloom N., Van Reenen J. 2010. Why do management practices differ across firms and countries?, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24 (1): 203-224,, DOI: 10.1257/jep.24.1.203
  60. Bloom N., Van Reenen J. 2007. Measuring and explaining management practices across firms and countries. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122 (4): 1351-1408,, DOI: 10.1162/qjec.2007.122.4.1351

  1. Leandro D'Aurizio, Riccardo Cristadoro, Le Caratteristiche Principali DelllInternazionalizzazione Delle Imprese Italiane (The Italian Firmss International Activity) in SSRN Electronic Journal /2015 pp. , DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2600913
  2. Marilene Lorizio, Antonia Rosa Gurrieri, SMEs: Trust and judicial system in Journal of Governance and Regulation /2016 pp. 7, DOI: 10.22495/jgr_v5_i2_p1

Leandro D'Aurizio, Marco Marinucci, in "ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE " 4/2013, pp. 189-219, DOI:10.3280/POLI2013-004009


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche