Bipolar disorder is a relatively new nosological entity that has emerged out of what was previously known as manic-depressive psychosis. However, whereas the latter was classified along with the delusional psychoses, bipolar disorder is now more appropriately located among the mood disorders. Its relational bases reveal a combination of organizational characteristics that are indicative of emotional deprivation and chaotic relationships in the family of origin, whereas the couple relationship is likely to be marked by confusion, since where the patient is along the bipolar continuum will determine whether the relationship with the partner is one of complementarity or symmetry. In terms of mythology, patterns of disconfirmation in the family of origin may combine with other examples of disqualification and rejection which, while occurring initially in the family of origin, subsequently spread to the couple relationship and the created family. As for the parents of the bipolar patient, one tends to be orderly (the "ant") while the other is a transgressor (the "grasshopper").
Keywords: Key Words: Bipolar Disorders; Relational Psychopathology; Systemic Psychotherapy; Disconfirmation; Disqualification; Family Organization; Family Miths.