The bombing of Guernica (April 26, 1937) has become one of the most powerful and persistent myths of the Civil War. It wasn’t certainly one of the most important massacres of the war, but the constant distortion of this fact, far exceeds the difficulty of setting some historical facts. Franco’s propaganda - against all evidence - attributed the bombing at the Republican troops. The ideological "reconstruction" of the facts, tried to exonerate Franco’s troops, leaving the responsibility of Guernica’s destruction to the German Condor Legion. The authentic historiography has now ascertained the facts, but revisionism still continues through books and media, that minimize the facts, exempting Franco and his generals from their responsibilities.
Keywords: Guernica, Francisco Franco, Guerra civile spagnola, Revisionist historiography.