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Constructing Regional Advantage and Smart Specialisation: Comparison of Two European Policy Concepts
Autori/Curatori: Ron Boschma 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 1  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  18 P. 51-68 Dimensione file:  632 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SCRE2014-001004
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This paper discusses two influential policy concepts at the European level that aim to promote economic diversification of regions, that is the Constructing Regional Advantage concept (CRA) and the Smart Specialisation concept (SS). Both policy frameworks identify and prioritise ‘promising’ targets for policy intervention, but they do so differently. The SS concept organizes this identification process through entrepreneurial discovery in which entrepreneurs select the domains of future specialisation. The CRA concept focuses on identifying related variety and bottlenecks that prevent related industries in regions to connect and interact. The paper argues that the two policy concepts can provide useful inputs to develop a smart and comprehensive policy design that focuses on true economic renewal in regions.

Questo lavoro discute due concetti di policy utilizzati a livello comunitario per promuovere la crescita economica delle regioni, il concetto di Costruzione di un Vantaggio Regionale (CVR) e quello di Specializzazione Intelligente (SI). Entrambi, sebbene in maniera diversa, identificano ed assegnano una priorità a obiettivi ‘promettenti’ di policy. Questo lavoro illustra come entrambi i concetti possano fornire un utile contributo allo sviluppo di politiche intelligenti e generali focalizzate sul reale rinnovamento economico a livello regionale.
Keywords: Specializzazione intelligente, costruzione di vantaggi regionali, politiche regionali per la coesione
Jel Code: O25, O38, R11.

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Ron Boschma, Vantaggi regionali e specializzazione intelligente: due concetti di policy europea a confronto in "SCIENZE REGIONALI " 1/2014, pp. 51-68, DOI:10.3280/SCRE2014-001004


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