The text is focused on the birth and the evolution of a Journal, «Società», founded soon after WWII by Marxist intellectual groups interested in a new cultural capable of both political militancy and cultural elaboration. This mix was to become the most recongnizable feature of the journal. This original feature meant that «Società» moved on thin ice during the Stalinist orthodoxy of "Zdanov years", since the journal did not want to be a mere party organ, but at the same time was determined to remain within the party sphere of Togliatti’s Pci. This dual function enabled the intellectuals of «Società», to launch the «Italian way to socialism» in cultural terms, which was done by issuing editorial projects aimed at building a national Italian version of Marxism capable of recruiting some of the most advanced groups of the democratic political thought.
Keywords: Militanza, intelligenza separata, blocchi contrapposti, politica culturale, intellettuali, partito.