This paper analyses the subject of juridical particularism with special reference to labour law: a law, universal and particular, expression of a new legal anthropology. The transition from the juridical particularism of the Old Regime to the liberal order based on the principle of work-freedom and formal equality is taken as a starting point. Labour legislation becomes a relevant exception to contract law principles. According to the XXth Century Italian experience, social protection is closely linked to the figure of the subordinate worker. The crisis of the welfare state thus becomes the crisis of labour law.
Keywords: Juridical particularism; Subordinate worker; Labour law.