This article aims to understand the development of children exposed to domestic violence in the light of emotional security model developed by Cummings and Davies (1994). We have highlighted the various factors that may have an effect - positive or negative - on the adjustment of children living in such a context. These factors include both the characteristics of the child, but also those of his family and the environment, considering the degree of exposure of the child. The advantage of relying on this theoretical model can be used, for professionals and researchers, to design the various influences to which the child is facing, but also to understand the variability of the disorder in children exposed to domestic violence.
Keywords: Domestic violence, children exposed, emotional security, adaptation, development.