Today’s model of democracy, in keeping with the principle of the moral and legal autonomy of equally free individuals, has replaced the model of democracy of antiquity, as well as those of monarchy and of oligarchy. Modern society is familiar with numerous democratic formulae, which can be classified in three main methods of decision- making: voting, negotiating and deliberating. This latter version is based on the ideal that there is a collective reason that is capable of identifying the best public choice in a way that is both justified for and binding on everyone. To tell the truth, deliberative democracy encounters certain intrinsic, structural dilemmas that it cannot solve and that therefore give rise to serious doubts about this paradigm’s validity and functionality. Two aspects seem to be particularly complicated: the failure to identify the subject whose mind makes the collective decision and the need to make decisions that may not necessarily be rational.
Keywords: Salvatore Taranto, Democracy, Deliberation, Reason, Politics