Using the specialize literature on organized crime, the first part of the article defines the main questions concerning Chinese criminal groups operating in Italy. The second takes into account the principal illegal markets in which these criminal players are involved, their internal connections, and their capability to infiltrate Chinese communities. The conclusions give insights to answering the following questions: Can Chinese organized crime be encompassed within Mafia type associations? Which forms of infiltration are used by criminal players within the context of the Chinese community?
Keywords: Italian mafia, Chinese criminal players, Smuggling migrants,Trafficking in human beings, Racket, Prostitution, Counterfeiting goods.