The Albanian healthcare system is currently in a period of deep transformation as well as the country is thinking about the future after the turbulent development of the last years. Moreover the admission of Albania among future members of the European Union has required an innovation in the healthcare system. This paper aims to analyze the financing system of the Albanian healthcare highlighting some future paths. In particular, the research underlines the transition from a financing model based on historical public expenditure to a system based on the performance of healthcare entities. The introduction of management thinking will then allow to develop a cost-based financing model, an accounting system in the teaching hospitals and, finally, a financing system able to pay for services provided by private healthcare entities. The article then offers a contribution to policy makers in order to define the future "paths" of the Albanian healthcare system in the next years.
Keywords: Albanian healthcare system, healthcare financing system, transition economies
Niccolò Persiani, Alberto Romolini, Claudia Galanti, Maria José Caldés Pinilla, Michele De Luca, in "MECOSAN" 89/2014, pp. 7-30, DOI:10.3280/MESA2014-089002