Clicca qui per scaricare

Two birds with one stone: improving ecological quality and flood protection through river restoration in Northern Italy
Titolo Rivista: ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 
Autori/Curatori: Antonio Massarutto, Alessandro De Carli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 1  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  29 P. 93-121 Dimensione file:  403 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EFE2014-001005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


This paper outlines the results a multi-criteria evaluation study applied to the integrated assessment of flood protection options in Northern Italy. The study aims at comparing advantages and disadvantage of a more traditional approach based on hard infrastructure calibrated on the event with a return time of 200 years (TR200) with a more innovative approach based on a combination of non-structural measures, controlled flooding of lower-value areas and mitigation. These are now standard in Northern Europe and elsewhere; however their feasibility has never been investigated in the Italian context. Despite the study is still at a pioneering level, it authorizes some optimistic evaluation about the desirability of non-structural remedies in Italy. The study argues about the necessity of complementary measures, especially based on compensative payments for ecosystem services, in order to improve social acceptance for such practices.


Keywords: Flood protection, non-structural measures, economic environmental policy instruments, river restoration, multi-criteria analysis
Jel Code: Q25, Q54, R52, Q15

  1. Autorità di Bacino del fiume Po. (2004). Studio di fattibilità della sistemazione idraulica del fiume Oglio nel tratto da sonico alla confluenza in Po e del suo affluente Cherio dal lago di Endine alla confluenza; del fiume Mella da Brozzo alla confluenza in Oglio, del fiume Garza dalla confluenza Valle del Loc alla confluenza in Chiese e del fiume Chiese da Gavardo alla confluenza in Oglio, Parma.
  2. Autorità di Bacino del fiume Po. (2009). Linee generali per la riduzione della vulnerabilità di edifici e impianti nelle fasce fluviali, Parma.
  3. Barraqué B. (2014). The common property issue in flood control through land use in France. Journal of Flood Risk Management., DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12092
  4. Barraqué B., Grissent P. (2005). La politique de prévention du risque d’inondation en France et en Angleterre: de l’action publique normative à la gestion intégrée. Rapport final, MED, direction des études économiques et de l’évaluation environnementale. ENPC, Université de Marne-la-Vallée, Université Paris XII,.http// www.ecologie.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_barraque.pdf.
  5. Birkland T., Burby R., Conrad D., Cortner H., Michener W. (2003). River ecology and flood hazard mitigation. Natural Hazard Review. 4,1, 46-54., DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1527-6988(2003)4:1(46)
  6. Brody S., Highfield W. (2013). Open space protection and flood mitigation: a national study. Land Use Policy. 2013, 89-95., DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.10.017
  7. Brouwer R., van Ek R. (2004). Integrated economic, ecologic and social impact assessment of alternative flood control policies in the Netherlands. Ecological Economics. 50, 1-21., DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.01.020
  8. Bubeck P., Botzen W., Kreibich H., Aerts J. (2013). Detailed insight into the influence of flood-coping appraisalson mitigation behavior. Global Environmental Change. in press., DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.05.009
  9. Burby R. (2001). Flood insurance and floodplain management in the US experience. Global Enviromntal Change. Part B: Environmental Hazards, 3, 3-4, 111-122., DOI: 10.1016/S1464-2867(02)00003-7
  10. CIRF (2006). La Riqualificazione Fluviale in Italia. Linee guida, strumenti ed esperienze per gestire i corsi d’acqua e il territorio. Venezia: Mazzanti Editore.
  11. Cuny F. (1991). Living with floods. Alternatives for riverine flood mitigation. Land Use Policy. October, 331-342., DOI: 10.1016/0264-8377(91)90023-C
  12. Dawson R., Ball T., Werritty J., Werritty A., Hall J., Roche N. (2011). Assessing the impact of non-structural flood management measures in the Thames estuary under conditions of socio-economic and environmental change. Global Environmental Change. 21, 628-646., DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.013
  13. De Loe R., Wojtanowski D. (2001) Associated benefits and costs of the Canadian Flood Damage Reduction Programme. Applied Geography. 21, 1-21., DOI: 10.1016/S0143-6228(00)00013-8
  14. De Paoli L., Lorenzoni A. (1999). Economia e Politica delle fonti rinnovabili e della cogenerazione. Franco Angeli.
  15. EEA (European Environment Agency) (2012). Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012. EEA Report 12/2012, EEA, Copenhagen, http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/climate-impacts-and-vulnerability-2012.
  16. Erdlenbruch K., Thoyer S., Grelot F., Kast R., Enjolras J. (2009). Risk sharing policies in the context of the French Flood Prevention Action Programme. Journal of Environmental Management. 91, 363-369., DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.09.002
  17. European Commission. (1999). ExternE, Externalities of Energy. Vol X : National Implementation (www.externe.info).
  18. European Commission. (2003). Economics and the Environment – The implementation challenge of the Water Framework Directive. Guidance Document n. 1. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-framework/economics/pdf/Guidance%201%20-%20Economics%20-%20WATECO.pdf.
  19. Fliervoet J.M., van den Born RJG, Smits AJM, Knippenberg L. (2013) Combining safety and nature: A multi-stakeholder perspective on integrated floodplain management. Journal of Environmental Management. 128, 1033-1042., DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.023
  20. Frank E., Fattorelli S., Goio A. (2004). Formulazione e validazione di una metodologia per il calcolo previsionale dei danni da esondazione. XXIX Convegno Nazionale di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche. Trento, Vol. 3, pp. 423-429.
  21. Green C., Viavattene C., Thompson P. (2011). Guidance for assessing flood losses. CONHAZ final report, www.conhaz.eu.
  22. Hansson K., Danielson M., Ekenberg L. (2008). A framework for evaluation of flood management strategies. Journal of Environmental Management. 86, 465-480., DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.12.037
  23. Jakobs M., Buijs A. (2009). Understanding stakeholders’ attitudes toward water management interventions: role of place meaning. Water Resources Research, W01503., DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008366,2011
  24. Jonkman S., Bockariova N., Kok M., Bernardini P. (2008). 66, Integrated hydrodynamic and economic modeling of flood damage in the Netherlands.
  25. Ecological Economics. 77-90., DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.022.KenyonW.(2007).EvaluatingfloodriskmanagementoptionsinScotland:aparticipant-ledmulti-criteriaapproach.EcologicalEconomics.64,70-81.DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.06.011
  26. Kok M. (2001). Damage functions for the Meuse River floodplane, Interim report. MOLAND project (http://moland.jrc.it).
  27. Kousky C., Walls M. (2014). Floodlpain conservation as a flood mitigation strategy: examining costs and benefits. Ecological Economics. 104, 119-128., DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.05.001
  28. Kunreuther H., Michel-Kerjan E. (2014). Economics of natural catastrophe risk insurance. Handbook of the Economics of Risk and Uncertainty. Vol. 1, pp. 651-699. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  29. Lorenzoni A., Bano L. (2007). I costi di generazione di energia elettrica da fonti rinnovabili. www.aper.it.
  30. Lüderitz V., Speierl T., Langheinrich U., Völkl W., Gersberg R. (2011). Restoration of the Upper Main and Rodach rivers: the success and its measurement. Ecological Engineering. 37, 2044-2055., DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.07.010
  31. Luther J., Schanze J. (2008). Exploring and evaluating futures of riverine flood risk systems – the example of the Elbe River, in Samuels P., Huntington S., Allsop W., Harrop J. (Eds.) Flood Risk Management: Research and Practice. Oxford, UK, Taylor & Francis, London.
  32. Massarutto A. (2012). Urban water conflicts: an ecological-economic approach, in Barraqué B., ed., Urban water conflicts. London: Taylor & Francis.
  33. Massarutto A., De Carli A. (2014). Analisi economiche degli scenari d’intervento per la sicurezza idraulica nel bacino del Livenza. Working paper series in Economics. DIES, Università di Udine (forthcoming).
  34. Millington, Peter; Olson, Douglas; McMillan, Shelley. (2006). An introduction to integrated river basin management. Integrated river basin management briefing note; no. 1. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/ curated/en/2006/01/8513779/introduction-integrated-river-basin-management.
  35. Mori K., Perrings C. (2012). Optimal management of the flood risk of floodplain development. Sciences of the Total Environment. 431, 109-121., DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.04.076
  36. Morris J., Bailey A., Lawson C., Leeds-Harrison P., Alsop D., Vivash R. (2008). The economic dimension of integrating flood management and agri-environment through washland creation: a case from Somerset, England. Journal of Environmental Management. 88, 372-381., DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.03.023
  37. Mostert E., Craps M., Pahl-Wost C. (2008). Social learning: the key to integrated water resources management? Water International. 33(3), 293-304., DOI: 10.1080/02508060802275757
  38. Nardini A., Pavan S. (2011). River restoration: not only for the sake of nature but also for saving money while addressing flood risk. A decision-making framework applied to the Chiese River (Po basin, Italy). Journal of Flood Risk Management., DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-318X.2011.01132.x
  39. Nardini A., Pavan S. (2012). What river morphology after restoration? The methodology VALURI. International Journal of River Basin Management. DOI :10.1080/15715124.2011.640637.
  40. O’Hanley J. (2011) Open rivers: barrier removal planning and the restoration of freeflowing rivers. Journal of Environmental Management. 92, 312-320.
  41. Poulard C., Lafont M., Lenar-Matyas A., Lapuszek M. (2010). Flood mitigation designs with respect to river ecosystem functions: a problem-oriented conceptual approach. Ecological Engineering. 36, 69-77., DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.09.013
  42. Regione Lombardia (2010). Uso del suolo in Lombardia, i dati DUSAF http://www.ersaf.lombardia.it/upload/ersaf/pubblicazioni/I%20dati%20Dusaf%20ed.%202010_13383_392.pdf.
  43. Restore (2012) Rivers by design. Rethinking development and river restoration, www.restore.eu.
  44. Rojas R., Feyen L., Watkiss P. (2013). Climate change and river floods in the EU: socio-economic consequences and the costs and benefits of adaptation. Global Environmental Change. 23, 1737-1751., DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.08.006
  45. Samuels P., Dijkman J., Klijn F. (2005). River Flood Risk Management Policies in different parts of the world: synthesis of a special session by NCR, Paper presented at the Third International Symposium on Flood Defence, Nijmegen, May 22-24, Proceedings A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
  46. Schanze J., Bakonyi P., Borga M., Gouldby B., Marchand M., Jimenez J., Sterr H. (2008). Integrated methodologies for flood risk management practice in European pilot sites, in Samuels P., Huntington S., Allsop W., Harrop J. (Eds.) Flood Risk Management: Research and Practice. Oxford, UK, Taylor & Francis, London.
  47. Tucci C., Vilanueva A. (1999). Flood control measures in Uniao da Vitoria and Porto Uniao: structural vs. non structural measures. Urban Water. 1, 177-182., DOI: 10.1016/S1462-0758(00)00012-1
  48. Ungvari G., Kis A. (2013). Floods and water logging in the Tisza basin (Hungary). EPI-Water final report D4.2. http://www.feem-project.net/epiwater/docs/epiwater_DL_4-2.pdf.
  49. Van Herk S., Rijke J., Zevenbergen C., Ashley R. (2013). Understanding the transition to integrated flood risk management in the Netherlands. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transition., DOI: 10.1016/j.eist.2013.11.001
  50. Viglione A., Di Baldassarre G., Brandimarte L., Kuil L., Carr G., Salinas J., Scolobig A., Blöschl G. (2014) Insights from socio-hydrology modelling on dealing with flood risk – Roles of collective memory, risk-taking attitude and trust. Journal of Hydrology, in press., DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.01.018



  1. Daniela Molinari, Anna Rita Scorzini, Alice Gallazzi, Francesco Ballio, AGRIDE-c, a conceptual model for the estimation of flood damage to crops: development and implementation in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences /2019 pp. 2565, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-19-2565-2019

Antonio Massarutto, Alessandro De Carli, in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 1/2014, pp. 93-121, DOI:10.3280/EFE2014-001005

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche