According to the relevant supervisory bodies, the principles set out in the Laval Quartet may infringe the European Social Charter’s and ILO’s standards on the right to collective bargaining and collective action. The Author analyses these supervisory bodies’ decisions and the potential clash between the Laval line of cases and the recent case law of the ECtHR: in particular, the proportionality tests adopted by the two courts may be at odds, this possibly leading to a breach of the ECHR standards. The Author also refers to the current dispute at the ILO concerning the international protection of the right to strike. In the Author’s view, this dispute does not undermine the reasonableness of the current ECtHR’s trend towards protecting social and labour rights under the Convention, as this trend is grounded in the need to protect human dignity at work and since freedom of association and its corollaries are still fundamental in this respect.
Keywords: Supranational protection of the right to collective bargaining and collective action; Supranational supervisory mechanisms; Laval line of cases; Demir line of cases; Safeguarding social and labour rights as human rights; ILO protection of the right to strike.