Click here to download

Urban Environmental Quality and Sustainable Food Sourcing: A Spatial Approach Using Italian Provincial Data
Author/s: Massimiliano Agovino, Antonio Garofalo, Angela Mariani 
Year:  2014 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  19 Pg. 139-157 FullText PDF:  285 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RISS2014-002009
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Environmental pollution affects human health and well-being, not only directly, but also indirectly due to its effects on food safety and urban and peri-urban agriculture. Proper indicators of urban environmental quality could improve the measurement of the health and well-being component of the Human Development Index. In this paper, by using the Legambiente Index and the Local Moran Transition Probability Matrix, we assess and compare the performance of Italian provinces’ in providing urban environmental quality. Results show a persistent dualism between Northern and Southern Italy and the absence of positive environmental spillover among neighboring provinces. In Southern Italy, policymakers should focus more on improving sustainable food sourcing for a more sustainable and resilient urban development.
Keywords: Environmental quality, local moran transition probability matrix, spatial statistics, Legambiente Index, spatial diffusion; Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA)

  1. Anselin L. (1988). Spatial econometrics: methods and models. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
  2. Anselin L. (1996). The Moran scatterplot as an ESDA tool to assess local instability in spatial association. In: Fischer M., Scholten H. and Unwin D. (eds.), Spatial analytical perspectives on GIS. Taylor and Francis, London.
  3. Anselin L. (2002). “Exploring spatial data with DynESDA2”. CSISS and Spatial Analysis Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, September 12
  4. 2002. Anselin L. and Bera A. (1998). Spatial dependence in linear regression models with an introduction to spatial econometrics. In: Ullah A. and Giles D.E.A. (eds.), Handbook of applied economic statistics. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  5. Ashmore M.R., Bell J.N.B., Marshall F.M. and Milne E. (2000). Air pollution impacts on agriculture; a global issue? Environmental Stress: Indication, Mitigation and Eco-conservation: 27-39.
  6. Bain R., Cronk R., Hossain R., Bonjour S., Onda K., Wright J., Yang H., Slaymaker T., Hunter P., Prüss-Ustün A. and Bartram J. (2014). Global assessment of exposure to faecal contamination through drinking water based on a systematic review. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 19(8): 917-927,, DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12334
  7. Borchers A., Teuber S.S., Keen C.L. and Gershwin M.E. (2010). Food safety. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, 39(2): 95-141,, DOI: 10.1007/s12016-009-8176-4
  8. Brown K.H., Jameton A.L. (2000), Public health implications of urban agriculture, Journal of Public Health Policy, 21(1): 20-39,, DOI: 10.2307/3343472
  9. Chen H., Goldberg M.S. and Viileneuve P.J. (2008). A systematic review of the relation between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and chronic diseases. Reviews on Environmental Health, 23, 4: 243-297.
  10. Costantini V. and Monni S. (2005). Sustainable Human Development for European countries. Journal of Human Development, 6(3): 329-351,, DOI: 10.1080/14649880500287654
  11. Costantini V. and Monni S. (2008). Environment, Human Development and Economic Growth. Ecological Economics, 64(4): 867-880,, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.05.011
  12. European Commission (2009). “Non solo Pil. Misurare il progresso in un mondo in cambiamento”. Comunicazione della Commissione al Consiglio e al Parlamento europeo, agosto, Bruxelles.
  13. FAO (2011). “Food, Agriculture and Cities Challenges of food and nutrition security, agriculture and ecosystem management in an urbanizing world”.
  14. Foodlinks (2013): Short food supply chains as drivers for sustainable development. Evidence document.
  15. Gerster-Bentaya M.(2013). Nutrition-sensitive urban agriculture. Food Security, 5, 5: 723-737,, DOI: 10.1007/s12571-013-0295-3
  16. Hanushek E.A. and Wößmann L. (2007). Education Quality and Economic Growth. The World Bank, Washington,, DOI: 10.1596/1813-9450-4122
  17. Harmoon C., Oosterbeek H. and Walker I. (2003). The Returns Education: Microeconomics. Journal of Economic Surveys, 17(2): 115-155,, DOI: 10.1111/1467-6419.00191
  18. Kim K.H., Jahan S.A. and Kabir E. (2013). A review on human health perspective of air pollution with respect to allergies and asthma. Environment International, 59: 41-52,, DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.05.007
  19. La Rosa D., Barbarossa L., Privitera R. and Martinico F. (2014). Agriculture and the city: A method for sustainable planning of new forms of agriculture in urban contexts. Land Use Policy, 41: 290-303,, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.014LeGalloJ.(2004).Space-timeanalysisofGDPdisparitiesamongEuropeanregions:aMarkovchainsapproach.InternationalRegionalScienceReview,27,2:138-163,doi:10.1177/0160017603262402
  20. Le Gallo J. and Ertur C. (2003). Exploratory spatial data analysis of the distribution of regional per capita GDP in Europe, 1980-1995. Papers in Regional Science, 82, 2: 175-201,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1435-5597.2003.tb00010.x
  21. Legambiente (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009). Ecosistema Urbano.
  22. McGillivray M. (1991). The Human Development Index: Yet Another Redundant Composite Development Indicator? World Development, 19: 1461-1468,, DOI: 10.1016/0305-750X(91)90088-Y
  23. McGillivray M. and White H. (1993). Measuring Development? The UNDP’s Human Development Index. Journal of International Development, 5: 183-192,, DOI: 10.1002/jid.3380050210
  24. Mok H.-F., Williamson V.G., Grove J.R., Burry K., Barker S.F. and Hamilton A.J. (2014), Strawberry fields forever? Urban agriculture in developed countries: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 34(1): 21-43,, DOI: 10.1007/s13593-013-0156-7
  25. OECD (2013). Rural-Urban Partnerships, An Integrated Approach to Economic Development. OECD Publishing.
  26. Pascal M., Pascal L., Bidondo M.-L., Cochet A., Sarter H., Stempfelet M. and Wagner V. (2013). A review of the epidemiological methods used to investigate the health impacts of air pollution around major industrial areas. Journal of Environmental and Public Health,, DOI: 10.1155/2013/737926
  27. Pearson D. (2013), Health benefits from urban agriculture using organic methods, Acta Horticulturae, 999: 181-188.
  28. Rajaganapathy V., Xavier F., Sreekumar D. and Mandal P.K. (2011). Heavy metal contamination in soil, water and fodder and their presence in livestock and products: A review. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(3): 234-249,, DOI: 10.3923/jest.2011.234.249
  29. Renting H. and Dubbeling M. (2013). Synthesis report: Innovative experiences with (peri-) urban agriculture and urban food provisioning – Lessons to be learned from the global South. Work package 3/Deliverable 3.5, Funded by the European Union
  30. Rey S.J. (2001). Spatial empirics for economic growth and convergence. Geographical Analysis, 33: 195-214,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1538-4632.2001.tb00444.x
  31. Rey S.J., Montouri B.D. (1999). US regional income convergence: a spatial econometric perspective. Regional Studies, 33: 143-156,, DOI: 10.1080/00343409950122945
  32. Singh R., Gautam N., Mishra A. and Gupta R. (2011), Heavy metals and living systems: An overview. Indian J Pharmacol, 43(3): 246-253,, DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.81505
  33. Srinivasan T.N. (1994). Data base for development analysis: An overview. Journal of Development Economics, 44(1): 3-27,, DOI: 10.1016/0304-3878(94)00003-4
  34. Stiglitz J., Sen A. and Fitoussi J.P. (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Paris. Tai A.P.K., Martin M.V. and Heald C.L. (2014). Threat to future global food security from climate change and ozone air pollution. Nature Climate Change, 4(9): 817-821,, DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2317
  35. Tornaghi C. (2014). Critical geography of urban agriculture, Progress in Human Geography, 38(4): 551-567,, DOI: 10.1177/0309132513512542
  36. UNDP (1994). United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York.
  37. UNDP (2010). United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York

Massimiliano Agovino, Antonio Garofalo, Angela Mariani, in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 2/2014, pp. 139-157, DOI:10.3280/RISS2014-002009


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content