In Italy, political interventions regarding immigration have begun in the middle Eighties, when the country became destination of considerable migratory flows. The management of the phenomenon by the national immigration policies can be defined as chaotic, characterized by the constant alternation of repressive and inclusive measures, collective rejections and regularizations, restrictive rules and mild law enforcement. We can trace this discontinuous trend back to a "functionalist" approach to immigration, whose aims are controlling human mobility and maximizing advantages for the receiving country, as well as the political exclusion of the stranger and his subordinate economic inclusion. Key words: Migration policies, Italy, subordinate inclusion, irregular immigration, control policies, inclusion policies.
Keywords: Politiche migratorie, Italia, inclusione subalterna, immigrazione irregolare, politiche di controllo, politiche di inclusione