This article aims to provide readers an overview of current methods for motor rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson’s disease. This progressive neurodegenerative pathology affects the basal ganglia network, causing a significant drop in the neurotransmitter dopamine, which controls voluntary movement. A patient with Parkinson’s disease has difficulty in performing even the simplest daily actions. Since there is no cure for this disease, motor rehabilitation is necessarily combined to drug treatment to support patients in maintaining functional autonomy and better quality of life as possible. Research, starting from what is known about how motor learning occurs in healthy people, aimed to identify innovative and effective methods for the treatment of motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease. Currently, promising multimodal interventions are based on actions observation, rhythmic music and neurostimulation.
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease, motor rehabilitation, motor learning, action observation learning, imitation, music, rhythm, neurostimulation, tDCS, multimodality