The article analyzes the use of the term meritocracy in the context of processes of neo-liberal hegemony. Having clarified the meaning of the word, it traces the history from Advent of meritocracy by Michael Young, showing the differences between the american neoliberalis positive connotation, and the European one, contrasting to the concept of equality. The paper then analyzes the conceptual implications of meritocracy, highlighting the ideological function. The meritocratic culture of neo-liberal is also linked to the criticism of democracy itself and a hierarchical and authoritarian conception of work and society.
Keywords: Meritocrazia, eguaglianza, egemonia, ideologia, neoliberismo, postdemocrazia.