Click here to download

Reducing Food Losses: A (Dis)-Opportunity Cost Model
Journal Title: RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA' 
Author/s: Mariantonietta Fiore, Francesco Contò, Giustina Pellegrini 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  16 Pg. 151-166 FullText PDF:  242 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RISS2015-001010
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


A huge amount of resources used in food production is lost or wasted globally and the same for the greenhouse gas emissions caused by the production of food. A plethora of methodologies to assess economic, environmental and social impacts stands out. The aim of this paper is to analyze the social impacts of food losses along the food chain: the methodology is based on the elaboration of a disopportunity cost taking into account food waste and losses Kcals and Kcals/required per day (to cope with the energy expenditure), U.A.A. (Utilized Agricultural Area) cost. Findings are aimed at highlighting how the food looses reduction is crucial for an intra-generational equity.
Keywords: Food loss, food waste, economic-social impact, (dis)-opportunity cost, sustainability, intra-generational equity.

  1. Alvarez-Cuadrado F., Van Long N. (2009). A mixed bentham-rawls criterion for intergenerational equity: Theory and implications. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 58 (2): 154-168,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2009.04.003
  2. Arnold R.A. (2008). Microeconomics. 6th Edition. South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH.
  3. Baumol W.J., Blinder A.S. (2007). Microeconomics: Principles and policy. 10th Edition. Thomson South-Western, Mason, OH.
  4. BCFN Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (2012). Food Waste: causes impact and proposals. BCFN, Milano.
  5. Brown C., Miller S. (2008). The impacts of local markets: a review of research on farmers markets and community supported agriculture (CSA). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 90 (5): 1298-1302,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8276.2008.01220.x
  6. Buchanan J.M. (1969). Cost and Choice. Markham, Chicago.
  7. Buzby J.C., Hyman J. (2012). Total and per capita value of food loss in the united states. Food Policy, 37 (5): 561-570,, DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2012.06.002
  8. Buzby J.C., Hyman J., Stewart H., Wells H.F. (2011). The value of retail- and consumer- level fruit and vegetable losses in the united states. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 45 (3): 492-515,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2011.01214.x
  9. Damnyag L., Tyynela T., Appiah M., Saastamoinen O., Pappinen A. (2011). Economic cost of deforestation in semi-deciduous forests – a case of two forest districts in Ghana. Ecological Economics, 70: 2503-2510,, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.08.012
  10. FAO (1981). Food Loss Prevention in Perishable Crops. Food an FAO Agricultural Service Bulletin, Rome.
  11. FAO (2011). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. FAO, Rome.
  12. FAO (2013). Food wastage footprint, Summary Report. FAO, Rome.
  13. FAO (2014). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. FAO, Rome.
  14. Golub A., Hertel T., Lee H.-L., Rose S., Sohngen B. (2009). The opportunity cost of land use and the global potential for greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture and forestry. Resource and Energy Economics, 31: 299-319,, DOI: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2009.04.007
  15. Golub A., Mahoney M., Harlow J. (2013). Sustainability and intergenerational equity: Do past injustices matter? Sustainability Science, 8 (2): 269-277,, DOI: 10.1007/s11625-013-0201-0
  16. Gustavsson J., Cederberg C., Sonesson U., Otterdijk R. van, Meybeck A. (2011).
  17. Global Food Losses and Food Waste. Extent, Causes and Prevention. Study conducted for the International Congress Save Food!, at Interpack 2011 Düsseldorf, Germany. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  18. Hayden J., Buck D. (2012). Doing community supported agriculture: Tactile space, affect and effects of membership. Geoforum, 43 (2): 332-341,, DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2011.08.003
  19. Imran S., Alam K., Beaumont N. (2014). Reinterpreting the definition of sustainable development for a more ecocentric reorientation. Sustainable Development, 22 (2): 134-144,, DOI: 10.1002/sd.537
  20. Kummu M., de Moel H., Porkka M., Siebert S., Varis O., Ward P.J. (2012). Lost food, wasted resources: Global food supply chain losses and their impacts on freshwater, cropland, and fertiliser use. Science of the Total Environment, 438: 477-489,, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.08.092
  21. Martinet V. (2012). Economic theory and sustainable development: What can we preserve for future generations. Taylor and Francis, Oxford.
  22. Merrill A.L., Watt B.K. (1973). Energy value of foods: basis and derivation. Agriculture Handbook No. 74. Washington, DC, ARS United States Department of Agriculture.
  23. Natural Resources Institute (2009). Framework paper on postharvest loss reduction in Africa. NRI, Rome.
  24. Nost E. (2014). Scaling-up local foods: Commodity practice in community supported agriculture (CSA). Journal of Rural Studies, 34: 152-160,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2014.01.001
  25. Parfitt J., Barthel M., Macnaughton S. (2010). Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050. Phil. Trans. R. Soc., 365: 3065-3081,, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0126
  26. Sanjuan N., Ribal J., Clemente G., Fenollosa M.L. (2011). Measuring and improving eco-efficiency using data envelopment analysis: A case study of mahónmenorca cheese. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 15 (4): 614-628,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00347.x
  27. Schneider F. (2008). Wasting food – An insistent behavior. BOKU- University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
  28. Segrè A. (2011). What is needed is a more sustainable agro-food system that reduce [sic] waste. Fresh Point Magazin: 3-4.
  29. Segrè A., Falasconi L. (2011). Il libro nero dello spreco in Italia: il cibo. Edizioni Ambiente, Milano.
  30. Smil V. (2010). Improving Efficiency and Reducing Waste in Our Food System. Environmental Sciences, 1 (1): 17-26,, DOI: 10.1076/evms.1.1.17.23766
  31. Stuart T. (2009). Waste. Uncovering the Global Food Scandal. Penguin: London.
  32. Tregear A. (2011). Progressing knowledge in alternative and local food networks: critical reflections and a research agenda. Journal of Rural Studies, 27 (4): 419-430,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2011.06.003
  33. Venkat K. (2011). The Climate Change and Economic Impacts of Food Waste in the United States. CleanMetrics Corp.
  34. Waletzko P., Labuza T.P. (1976). Accelerated shelf life testing of an intermediate moisture food in air and in oxygen free atmosphere. Journal of Food Science, 41 (6): 1338-1344,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1976.tb01166.x.WellsH.F.,HymanJ.,BuzbyJ.C.(2014).EstimatedAmount,Value,andCaloriesofPostharvestFoodLossesatRetailandConsumerLevelsintheUnitedStates.EconomicResearchService,Washington,DC

Mariantonietta Fiore, Francesco Contò, Giustina Pellegrini, in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 1/2015, pp. 151-166, DOI:10.3280/RISS2015-001010

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content