Human Dignity has made its entry into the legal world at the end of World War II, as a distinctive characteristic of the European Legal Systems. Such concept is further being enhanced by the European integration process. Unlike the categories that are born inside the juridical world, being Dignity the result of a rich philosophical elaboration that has accompanied its centuries-long evolution, it brings with itself a breadth of meanings that expose it to the risk of indeterminacy. To escape such grip, it was decided to proceed through the analysis of the German Constitutional experience, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses, in order to reconstruct the legal sense that Dignity is called to assume nowadays, with particular reference to the relationship between individual freedom and the duty of public authorities to guarantee the dignity of all citizens.
Keywords: Human dignity, self-determination, human rights, equality.