Click here to download

Italian Agriculture in the Context of Climate Change: The Role of Irrigation for Sustainable Development of Rural Areas
Journal Title: RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA' 
Author/s: Fabian Capitanio, Salvatore Di Falco, Raffaella Zucaro, David Zilberman 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  22 Pg. 131-152 FullText PDF:  284 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RISS2015-002011
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The work starts from the analysis of the objectives of the new Common Agricultural Policy which provides a tight integration between the agricultural and the climate-environmental components and that identifies a proper and efficient management of water for irrigation as an important instrument for the protection of this resource and, at the same time, for the development of primary sector. After the evaluation of the importance of irrigation investments for the competitiveness of Italian agriculture, the report contains an overview of the impacts of climate change in agriculture and of the economic models to estimate such impact; than it reports an econometric analysis to estimate the role of irrigation for Italian agriculture. Data used came from the database FADN. They refer to observations at farms level for the period 1990-2010. The main results of the econometric analysis are that irrigation of fruit and vegetable crops is particularly relevant to the northeast of the country (with an increase in income estimated in the order of 14%), and, the relevance of the irrigation of arable crops is related to the whole country (even if the most important impact has been observed for the south of Italy and the islands where we observed an increase in income of about 12%). In the second part the paper analyzes irrigation management in the different river basin districts. The analysis, made by OTE, shows a different degree of efficiency of irrigation in relation to the main characteristics of crops areas: in the Padano district and in the district of Alpi Orientali, with reference to cereals and fruit, irrigation management seems to be characterized by a lower level of efficiency; same situation is presented in the district of Sicily with refers to the cultivation of cereals. A higher degree of efficiency and virtuous behaviors emerge with reference to horticulture, floriculture and fruit in the districts Appenino Meridionale and Appennino e Settentrionale.
Keywords: Climate change, water resource for agriculture, water management, irrigation investments, rural development programming, River basin Districts

  1. Deressa T.T., Hassan R. (2010). Economic Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production in Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-Section Measures. Journal of African Economies, 18(4): 529-554.
  2. Deschenes O., Greenstone M. (2007). The economic impacts of cli- mate change: Evidence from agricultural output and random fluctuations in weather. American Economic Review, 97 (1): 354-385.
  3. Deschenes O., Greenstone M. (2011). Climate change, mortality, and adaptation: Evidence from annual fluctuations in weather in the US. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3 (4): 152-185.
  4. Di Falco S., Chavas J.-P. (2008). Rainfall Shocks, Resilience and the Dynamic Effects of Crop Biodiversity on the Productivity of the Agroecosystem. Land Economics, February.
  5. Di Falco S., Chavas J.-P. (2009). On Crop Biodiversity, Risk Exposure and Food Security in the Highlands of Ethiopia. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 91(3): 599-611.
  6. Di Falco S., Veronesi M., Yesuf M. (2011). Does Adaptation to Climate Change Provide Food Security? A micro-Perspective from Ethiopia. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 93(3): 825-842.
  7. Heckman J. (1979). Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error. Econometrica, 47 (1): 153-161.
  8. Holling C.S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4: 1-23.
  9. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007). Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007, Geneva.
  10. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2013). Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I
  11. Contribution to IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2013, Geneva.
  12. Kelly D.L., Kolstad C.D. (1998). Integrated Assessment Models for climate change control. International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 1999/2000: A Survey of Current Issues.
  13. Kurukulasuriya P., Kala N., Mendelsohn R. (2011). Adaptation and Climate Change Impacts: A Structural Ricardian Model of Irrigation and Farm Income in Africa. Climate Change Economics, 2: 149-174.
  14. Kurukulasuriya P., Mendelsohn R. (2008). A Ricardian Analysis of The Impact of Climate Change on African Cropland. African Journal Agriculture and Resource Economics, 2: 1-23.
  15. Kurukulasuriya P., Mendelsohn R., Hassan R., Benhin J., Diop M., Eid H.M., Fosu K.Y., Gbetibouo G., Jain S., Mahamadou A., El-Marsafawy S., Ouda S.,
  16. Ouedraogo M., Sène I., Seo N., Maddison D., Dinar A. (2006). Will African agriculture survive climate change? World Bank Economics Review, 20 (3): 367-388.
  17. Lobell D., Bala G., Mirin A., Phillips T., Maxwell R., Rotman D. (2009). Regional differences in the influence of irrigation on climate. J. Climate, 22: 2248-2255.
  18. Mendelsohn R., Dinar A., Williams L. (2006). The Distributional Impact of Climate Change On Rich and Poor Countries. Environment and Development Economics, 11: 1-20.
  19. Mendelsohn R., Nordhaus W., Shaw D. (1994). The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: A Ricardian Analysis. American Economic Review, 84: 753-771.
  20. Nordhaus W.D. (1992). An Optimal Transition Path for Controlling Greenhouse Gases. Science, 258, November 20: 1315-1319.
  21. Nordhaus W.D. (1994). Expert Opinion on Climatic Change. American Scientist, January-February, 82: 45-51.
  22. Nordhaus W.D. (1998). New Estimates of the Economic Impacts of Climate Change. Yale University, processed, October 13.
  23. Nordhaus W.D. (2011), Integrated Economic and Climate Modelling. Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 1839.
  24. Parlamento e Consiglio europeo. Regolamento UE n. 1305/2013 del 17 dicembre 2013, sul sostegno allo sviluppo rurale da parte del Fondo europeo agricolo per lo sviluppo rurale (FEASR) e che abroga il regolamento (CE) n. 1698/2005 del Consiglio.
  25. Parry M., Rosenzweig C., Livermore M. (2005). Climate change, global food supply and risk of hunger. Phil Trans R Soc B, 360: 2125-2138.
  26. Rosenzweig C., Parry M.L. (1994). Potential impact of climate change on world food supply. Nature, 367: 133-138. Schlenker W., Lobell D.B. (2010). Robust Negative Impacts of Climate Change on African Agriculture. Environmental Research Letters, 5: 1-8.
  27. Schlenker W., Roberts M.J. (2009). Non linear temperature effects indicate severe damages to U.S. crop yields under climate change. PNAS, 106 (37): 15594-15598.
  28. Seo S.N., Mendelsohn R. (2008). Measuring Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change: A Structural Ricardian Model of African Livestock Management. Agricultural Economics, 38 (2): 151-165.
  29. Weyant J., Davidson O., Dowlatabadi H., Edmonds J., Grubb M., Richels R., Rotmans J., Shukla P., Cline W., Fankhauser S., Tol R. (1996). Integrated assessment of climate change: An overview and comparison of approaches and results. In: Climate Change 1995 – Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), eds. J. Bruce et al. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  30. Zucaro R. (2007). Direttiva quadro per le acque 2000/60 Analisi dell’impatto sul settore irriguo e della pesca. INEA, Roma.
  31. Zucaro R. (2011). Atlante nazionale dell’irrigazione. INEA, Roma.
  32. Zucaro R. (a cura di) (2015). Condizionalita ex-ante per le risorse idriche: opportunita e vincoli per il mondo agricolo. INEA, Roma (in corso di pubblicazione).

Fabian Capitanio, Salvatore Di Falco, Raffaella Zucaro, David Zilberman, in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 2/2015, pp. 131-152, DOI:10.3280/RISS2015-002011

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content