Integration in primary care is a key challenge to deal with the more complex healthcare needs of people. At European and Italian level, different organisational models based on co-location have been implemented in primary care to face these emerging needs. The authors analyse these primary care experiences by using a conceptual framework of integrated care and co-location. A particular focus is on the model of Case della Salute (Primary Care Centres) promoted in Italy and the case study of Tuscany Region allows to identify, through a cluster analysis, three different organisational shapes of this model. The comparison between European, regional and local primary care experiences highlights strengths, weaknesses and potentialities of the integrated care model of Case della Salute.
Keywords: Primary care, integrated care, co-location, Primary Care Centres, Community Health Centres, organisational models