Stereotype threat refers to the psychological experience of an individual who, while engaged in a task, is aware of a stereotype about his or her identity group suggesting that he or she will not perform well on that task. This can produce disruptive effects on his or her performance and physical and psychological wellbeing. This study explores how stereotype threat can influence healthcare workers’ attitudes and behaviors, including their level of job satisfaction, error reporting, and perceived organizational support for error reporting. Considering the relevance of gender stereotypes within the healthcare industry, we assume that these relationships are stronger for women rather than men. Findings show that stereotype threat is negatively associated with job satisfaction and perceived organizational support for error reporting both among women and men. Results indicate the presence of significant differences between women and men only for what concerns the perception of organizational support towards error reporting. Implications for theory and practices are discussed.
Keywords: Gender diversity, stereotype threat, error reporting, job performance.