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Concern for personal reputation within groups: the effect of accountability and fear of social exclusion
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Stefano Pagliaro, Nicoletta Cavazza, Margherita Guidetti, Francesca Romana Alparone, Valera Amata Giannella 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: 1  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  11 P. 9-19 Dimensione file:  52 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2016-001001
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Literature shows that concern for personal reputation varies as a function of both individual and contextual factors, with entitativity of the group to which a person belongs emerging as a key antecedent of individual’s concern for personal reputation. The present research focuses on a further antecedent of the phenomenon, that is, accountability to the group. We presented participants with a high entitative ingroup and manipulated accountability (vs. anonymity) of their response to other ingroup members. Results showed that being accountable to the ingroup determines higher concern for personal reputation, and this relation is mediated by the fear of social exclusion.

La letteratura mostra che la preoccupazione per la reputazione personale varia in funzione di fattori individuali e contestuali: l’entitatività del gruppo al quale un individuo appartiene è risultata essere un antecedente fondamentale della sua preoccupazione per la reputazione. Questa ricerca focalizza l’attenzione su un ulteriore antecedente di questo fenomeno, ovvero la visibilità del proprio comportamento rispetto al gruppo. Abbiamo presentato ai partecipanti una situazione in cui l’ingroup era descritto come molto entitativo e successivamente manipolato la visibilità (vs. l’anonimato) delle loro risposte rispetto agli altri membri del gruppo. I risultati hanno mostrato che, quando le risposte sono visibili agli altri membri del gruppo, le persone si preoccupano maggiormente per la propria reputazione, e questo fenomeno è mediato dalla paura di esclusione sociale
Keywords: Reputazione, paura di esclusione, visibilità

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Stefano Pagliaro, Nicoletta Cavazza, Margherita Guidetti, Francesca Romana Alparone, Valera Amata Giannella, La preoccupazione per la reputazione personale nei gruppi: l’effetto della visibilita’ e della paura di esclusione sociale in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 1/2016, pp. 9-19, DOI:10.3280/RIP2016-001001

   

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