The authors examine the complex dynamics between economic models and psychological characteristics, individual and group attributes, and their impact on the construction of the mind and of social relations. As Paul Verhaeghe points out, the expansion of the neoliberal economic system models human relationships and generates, in the individual, pathological personality traits, i.e. an excessive research for personal interests and an utter disregard for others’ wellbeing. The present system places selfishness at the core of economic and social dynamics, atomizes individuals, weakens and depreciates relational ties. Studies on relationships, in psychology and neuroscience, demonstrate on the other hand that human beings are relational beings. The breakdown of social ties and social isolation thus bring about physical, mental and social distress. Hence, the authors suggest to reflect on how relational dynamics and economic practices could reverse the current individualistic rationale and bring back relationships labeled by research as "relational goods" to the heart of human interactions. Such relational goods breed in equal and free of charge interactions founded on cooperation and collaboration. Finally, the authors underline that socioeconomic good practices, such as microcredit and social business - envisaged by Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus - enhance the development of human "capabilities" and promote the wellbeing of individuals and community. .
Keywords: Economic model, mental health, microcredit, social business