Early working experiences are relevant for young people in transition into adulthood and current literature reckons clear country-related outlines in the path from education to work. Therefore detecting interactions between economy, education and job market is crucial to develop effective youth policies. It is essential as well, especially in "time of crisis", to improve young workers’ skills, strengthening vocational training and guidance. To limit the phenomenon of job mismatch, some of the EU countries have re-defined their education systems increasing the links between school, training and job through workrelated learning. The "rule" according to which any worker should autonomously improve his/her own "attractiveness" needs to be fully discussed, since it is likely to relieve the stakeholders of their responsibilities to help create jobs. Nonetheless, it seems necessary to analyze the effects of the actions undertaken both in terms of empowerment and in decreasing the discrepancies we are referring to. Specifically, in Italy unemployment of 15 to 24 year-olds reached 40% in 2013, confirming a wide gap between the North and South of the country. The Italian vocational training system is now set on a territorial basis and consequently differences across regions are remarkable. This contribution aims at analysing the effects of a specific Italian policy of work-related learning named "Alternanza Scuola-Lavoro" (ASL programs) implemented since 2004. Because of their significant educational emergencies and structural labour market features, Campania region and the city of Naples may offer a direct point of view on a challenging topic such as the one considered.
Keywords: Youth transitions, work-related learning, vocational education and training, local governance